Strategy

Schedules

Daily Schedule, Activity Routines

UDL 1.1

A schedule is a list of activities, academic periods or academic tasks that is displayed in a vertical or horizontal structure in the classroom. Schedules are typically used in whole-classroom management to help students structure, organize and plan their academic day. In addition, some students may need a more individualized schedule to learn specific routines or complete academic tasks within the school day. Individualized schedules are usually within easy reach for the student and are visually accessible. Schedules can vary in simplicity and complexity. A multitude of visual supports (e.g. picture icons, analog clock, photos of activity) can be added to the schedules depending on the learning needs of the child or classroom.

Ready-to-Use Resources

Picture Icons

Visual Schedule Icons

A sheet of icons for that can be affixed to schedules to provide visual support.

Grade K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 · Behavior & SEL · 1 pages


Self-Monitoring Tool

Daily Schedule Templates

This resource includes daily schedule templates with both a fill-in-the-blank and a picture schedule template.

Grade 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 · Behavior & SEL · 2 pages


Self-Monitoring Tool

Specific Routine Picture Schedule

A picture schedule template to use for daily routines with students who need additional visual support.

Grade K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 · Behavior & SEL · 1 pages


Self-Monitoring Tool

Weekly Schedule Template

A weekly schedule template that can be customized to display a student's classes each day of the week.

Grade 6, 7, 8 · Behavior & SEL · 1 pages


Visual Aid

Icons: Visual Task Schedules

A collection of icons to use when creating visual task schedules. Variations include both academic and behavioral icons. Laminate and use individually or with blank visual task schedules.

Grade K, 1, 2 · · 2 pages


Implementation Tips

Visual Design
When creating a schedule, think about how to visually display the information on the schedule to reach all learners. Sometimes, color-coding the types of academic activities (e.g. centers- green, small group- blue, whole group (rug) – red) can be useful for students.
Icons
Having icons on the schedule can help students quickly access the information on the schedule and increase efficiency with the learning process, especially when students are using schedules to learn classroom routines and activities.
Audio Schedule
Using an audio schedule or verbal reminder to the student, such as “What’s happening next?” or “Look at your schedule” prior to next activity could assist students with predicting changes in schedule and transitioning to the next activity. For an app example of setting up an visual audio schedule, check out [[ http://www.goodkarmaapplications.com/visual-schedule-planner1.html | visual schedule planner ]].
Student Involvement & Choice
If a scheduled activity causes a students significant anxiety (e.g. fire drill or tornado drill), the teacher or member of administration (e.g. assistant principal) can involve the student in making the schedule (e.g. student chooses the date and time of the drill) and may even allow the student to activate the alarm.

Examples

Academic Schedule
A teacher has posted a daily schedule outlining the daily academic areas and activities. The schedule includes the subject/classroom activity and the time of day of each academic period. Each morning the teacher goes over the schedule with the students and highlights any changes to the schedule (e.g. special assembly, etc).
Morning Routine
A student is learning the morning routine of coming into the classroom, taking out homework from his backpack, putting his backpack on a hook and sitting down on the rug. As the student enters the classroom, he student picks up a four-step laminated checklist to help support him in completing the classroom routine.
Center Time
During centers, the teacher has a schedule for the rotation of groups posted on the board. The groups refer to the schedule during rotation for each of the center activities in order to remember which center to go to next and what activity is happening at each center.

Related Strategies