Strategy

Problem Solving Checklist

Task List, Step-by-Step Scaffolding

UDL 6.2 UDL 6.4

A problem solving checklist is a checklist that can be used by a student and/or class that outlines the steps necessary to complete simple or complex math problems. The problem solving checklist might include an approach or a step-by-step algorithm for solving the math problem. These checklists can help students master simple and complex algorithms, organize mathematical steps and complete math problems independently.

Ready-to-Use Resources

Math Checklist

Blank Problem Solving Checklist

A customizable checklist that can be used to outline the steps for solving a range of math problems.

Grade 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 · Math · 1 pages


Math Checklist

Order of Operations Checklist

A checklist to support students in correctly applying the order of operations when solving expressions.

Grade 5, 6, 7 · Math · 1 pages


Math Checklist

SQRQCQ Problem Solving Checklist

A problem solving checklist using the SQRQCQ routine (Survey, Question, Reread, Question, Compute, Question).

Grade 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 · Math · 1 pages


Self-Monitoring Tool

Word Problem Checklist

A checklist to support students in solving word problems.

Grade 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 · Math · 1 pages


Self-Monitoring Tools

General Problem Solving Checklist

A general problem solving checklist applicable for a range of math concepts.

Grade 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 · Math · 1 pages


Implementation Tips

Creating Your Checklists
When creating a checklist, it is important to understand how the student learns and if necessary, use a multi-modal approach (e.g. have an audio task list or incorporate pictures/symbols that the student understands if he/she is an auditory or visual learner).
Using Additional Strategies
The checklist can be incorporated with other possible strategies. For example, one strategy might be having the student highlight the order of operations (PEMDAS) when following the order of operations checklist as part of the process of learning to simplify expressions.
Student Involvement
Have the student be involved with creating the checklist and offer positive encouragement and praise when the student is using the checklist when solving mathematical problems.

Examples

Order of Operations
A checklist on an index card can outline the order of operations from left to right, also known as PEMDAS: (P)arentheses, (E)xponents, (M)ulitplication then (D)ivision, and (A)ddition then (S)ubtraction. As a student is learning to simplify equations, he/she uses the order of operations checklist to follow the mathematical steps.
Solving Word Problems
The teacher outlines the steps to solve a certain type of word problem. The students refer to these steps as they solve the word problem. An example set of steps may include: 1) Read the problem 2) Underline the facts 3) Ask, "What do I need to find out?" 4) Write down the equation 5) Solve the problem 6) Check your answer
Mathematical Error Checklist
The student creates a checklist to work on certain error correction strategies when completing multi-step math problems. For example, when subtracting multi-digit numbers the checklist might include: 1) Did I subtract from the ones place first? 2) Did I remember to borrow? 3) Did I subtract from the 10’s place 4) Did I check my work?

Related Strategies