Frayer Model

UDL 2.1

The Frayer model is a graphic organizer that is composed of a four cell box with the target vocabulary word or concept in the center. The Frayer model supports students in building a comprehensive understanding of the core vocabulary and key concepts. The Frayer model contains: 1) The definition of the word (upper left corner) 2) Facts/characteristics (upper right corner) 3) Examples (lower left corner) 4) Non-examples of the word (lower right corner) The Frayer model helps students to activate prior knowledge, build a connection with the essential characteristics of the concept and develop an in-depth understanding of the word or concept. The Frayer model can be used in whole group discussion, small group, or independently as part of vocabulary development.

Ready-to-Use Resources

Graphic Organizer

Frayer Model - Vocabulary Graphic Organizer

Printable Frayer Model templates that are available in both full page size and 2 per page sizes. The cells in the Frayer Model are labeled but are also available without labels to allow customization. Both PDF and Microsoft Word (docx) versions are available for download.

Grade 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 · English Language Arts, Reading, Math · 5 pages

Implementation Tips

Downloadable Templates
If you are interested in a Frayer model graphic organizer, you can download blank templates: * [[ | Whole Page Frayer Model ]] * [[ | 2 Per Page Frayer Model ]].
Sample Math Lesson Plan with Frayer Model
For a lesson plan which includes the Frayer model for math, check out [[ | Frayer model lesson - Math ]].
Use Across Subject Areas
The Frayer model can be incorporated into any subject including vocabulary lessons, reading, math, history. If using a vocabulary or reading journal, students can keep examples of the Frayer models that they create within the journals.
Selecting Academic Vocabulary for Explicit Instruction
For guidance on what words to select for explicit vocabulary instruction using a Frayer Model (e.g. Tier 2 vocabulary), use the [[ | research based guidelines ]] from Feldman & Kinsella (2005).


Preteaching Vocabulary
Before reading a challenging text, consider preteaching key vocabulary using the Frayer Model. This provides an excellent opportunity to not only support vocabulary development but also introduce background knowledge and concepts that can improve comprehension and engagement with the text. Consider using the "Examples" section to have students write the sentence(s) from the passage where the vocabulary word occurs in the text.
ELL – Vocabulary
For English Language Learners, consider having students write the equivalent word/definition in their native language in the "Examples" section.
Math – Geometry
Students are learning about different 3D geometrical shapes such as a sphere and pyramid. As a whole group, the teacher discusses, brainstorms and writes in each quadrant: 1) The definition of a sphere (upper left corner) 2) Characteristics of a sphere (e.g. doesn’t have any edges, round, etc) (upper right corner) 3) Real life examples of spheres (e.g. earth, balls, etc) and draw a picture (lower left corner) 4) Non-examples of spheres (e.g. ice cream cone, cylinder, pyramid, etc) (lower right corner) Throughout the unit the teacher displays the Frayer model of each 3D geometric shape that the students are studying.
Science – Rock Cycle
As part of an exploratory science experiment, students create a Frayer model of igneous rocks (definition, characteristics, examples, non-examples). Photographs of both examples of igneous rocks as well as non-examples of igneous rocks can be included in the Frayer model.

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