Choral Reading

UDL 1.3 UDL 5.3

Choral reading is when a teacher models fluently reading a short text as students follow along with eyes or fingers (e.g. text is either projected up on the board or students have a copy of the text). Then, using the same text, the whole class or a group of students reads aloud in unison. Choral reading helps build students' fluency by providing a teacher model, but also promotes engagement and motivation for self-conscious readers because they have automatic group support.

Implementation Tips

Supporting Struggling Readers
For your most struggling readers, use short texts to expose them to content-rich language they will see in upcoming units so they have repeated exposure to new and challenging vocabulary (e.g. Use short texts about fish before launching a science unit on fish.)
Supporting Focus and Engagement
For students who struggle with focus or engagement, select shorter poems or songs with rhyme and repetition that they can easily remember and access.
Supporting Kinesthetic Learners
For students who need more tactile or kinesthetic learning experiences, have them be a student helper during choral reading and hold the reading pointer or give them their own copy of the text to follow with a special finger pointer.


Language Arts
During a poetry unit, select a poem that uses poetic devices such as rhyme or alliteration. Project the poem on the board or on chart paper and model reading with expression and rhythm. Have students reread as a whole class as you point to the words.
While modeling how to solve a word problem, model fluently reading a word problem with prosody and expression as students follow along on their worksheets. Afterward, pull a small group of struggling readers, have the small group reread the problem in unison.
Morning Routines
Model fluently reading the morning message to students, pausing at punctuation and using a pointer to follow the words. Have a student point to the words as the whole class rereads the message together.

Related Strategies