Summarize a Fictional Story

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar fictional story , (name) will use (4) sentence starters (e.g., " The main character of the story is ____", "At the beginning of the... story _______", "Later in the story _______", "At the end of the story _______") to orally summarize the central ideas and significant details of the story for (3 out of 4) fictional stories.
  • By (date), after a read aloud of a preferred text , (name) will respond to (3) teacher prompts (e.g., "The first thing that happened on the story was", "After that, ____ took place", "Finally ___ happened") to orally summarize the central ideas and significant details of the story for (3 out of 4) fictional stories.
  • By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar fictional story , (name) will respond to (3) teacher prompts (e.g., "The first thing that happened on the story was", "After that, ____ took place", "Finally ___ happened") to orally summarize the central ideas and significant details of the story for (3 out of 4) fictional stories.
  • By (date), after a picture walk of a familiar fictional story, when given (3) prompts by the teacher (e.g., teacher signs "What happened first?", "What happened next?", "What happened at the end?"), (name) will point to the picture choices that summarize the central ideas and significant details of the story for (3 out of 4) fictional stories.
  • By (date), after watching a video of a preferred story that was previously read in class, (name) will use assistive technology (e.g., joystick, eye gaze board, modified mouse) to select (1 of 2) picture sequence choices that represents the order of events and details in the video for (2 out of 3) videos.
  • By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar fictional story in class, (name) will use text-to-speech software to respond to (3) teacher prompts (e.g., "The first thing that happened on the story was", "After that, ____ took place", "Finally ___ happened") to orally summarize the central ideas and significant details of the story for (3 out of 4) fictional stories.

UDL-Aligned Strategies About UDL

  • Foster collaboration and communication
    The teacher may pair up the student and ask him/her to engage in a peer discussion in which he/she takes turns with a partner to answer and recall details from the story that was read. Students who are easily distracted and discouraged may be given reinforcers in the way of points, stickers, or preferential activities.
  • UDL II 5.1 Use multiple media for communication
    Alternate methods of delivering instruction of a fictional story to the student using books on tape, videos, picture stories, and read alouds. Varying these strategies allows the teacher to address multiple learning styles. The entire class can be engaged by participating in a reader's theater, where students with hearing impairments may receive a script of the story to follow along with the play with the assistance of an adult.
  • UDL I 1.1 Offer ways of customizing the display of information
    The teacher may want to modify the text by providing the student with illustrations. This will aid in building and increasing reading comprehension. Additional ways to adapt the story include using audio books, animated videos, and puppets, clay, or toys .

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DLM Essential Elements

ELA-Literacy.RL.6.3
Key Ideas and Details
EE.RL.6.3 Can identify how a character responds to a challenge in a story.
ELA-Literacy.RL.7.3
Key Ideas and Details
EE.RL.7.3 Determine how two or more story elements are related.
ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
Key Ideas and Details
EE.RL.8.3 Identify which incidents in a story or drama lead to subsequent action.

NCSC Core Connectors

ELA-Literacy.6.RL.d1
Reading Standards for Literature
6.RL.d1 Analyze a character's interactions throughout a story as they relate to conflict and resolution.
ELA-Literacy.7.RL.k1
Reading Standards for Literature
7.RL.k1 Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).
ELA-Literacy.8.RL.j4
Reading Standards for Literature
8.RL.j4 Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character or provoke a decision.

Standards

RL.6.3 Key Ideas and Details
RL.6.3 Key Ideas and Details
Describe how a particular story’s or drama’s plot unfolds in a series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution.
RL.7.3 Key Ideas and Details
RL.7.3 Key Ideas and Details
Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).
RL.8.3 Key Ideas and Details
RL.8.3 Key Ideas and Details
Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision.

Standard Staircase

Answer Questions About a Text Using Picture Choices

By (date), given a read aloud of an illustrated story and (2) text-based questions (e.g., “Was the ball in this story green or blue?”, “Was the main character a boy or a girl?"), (name) will point to the pictures and orally answer with (1) word for (2 out of 3) fictional stories.

Sequence Events In A Story

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar story, when given a series of (3) picture cards that represent the events in the story and a verbal prompt to sequence the cards (e.g. Teacher asks "What happened first?"), (name) will place the cards in the correct story order in (2 out of 3) sequencing activities.

Match Image/Object to Key Detail

By (date), after listening to a teacher read a familiar illustrated text on the student’s independent level, given (4) illustration choices (one of which represents a detail from the text), and verbally prompted by the teacher (e.g. “Point to the picture that shows something we read about in the text.”), (name) will point to the correct illustration, in (4 of 5) informational reading sessions.

Identify a Character in a Familiar Story

By (date), after reading an illustrated familiar story, shown an illustration of a given character, and asked to identify the given character (e.g. “Point to Swimmy in the story.”), (name) will find and point to the character in the story, in (4 of 5) reading sessions.

Identify Person from Familiar Text

By (date), after reading a nonfiction text with the teacher, listening to the teacher model (1) question and answer (e.g. “Who is the postal carrier? The postal carrier is the person who delivers mail to people’s homes.”), and when asked (1) question about a person, object, or place from the text, (name) will verbally answer the question, for (4 of 5) nonfiction reading sessions.

Recognize Elements from a Familiar Story

By (date), after listening to a read aloud of a familiar text and given (1) verbal question about a story element (e.g. “Who is Spot?”, “Where is Spot’s ball?”), (name) will point to the text illustration that matches the given story element, for (4 out of 5) story element recognition exercises.

Attend to Specific Illustrations in a Book

By (date), during a shared reading of a familiar text, and when given a verbal prompt paired with a visual cue to look at a specific illustration (e.g. teacher points to illustration and says, "Look at the _____."), (name) will locate and attend to the illustration for at least (3) seconds (e.g. turn body or head toward the illustration, point to, eye-gaze), for (4 out of 5) illustrations.

Answer Questions About a Text Using Picture Choices

By (date), given a read aloud of an illustrated story and (2) text-based questions (e.g., “Was the ball in this story green or blue?”, “Was the main character a boy or a girl?"), (name) will point to the pictures and orally answer with (1) word for (2 out of 3) fictional stories.

Sequence Events In A Story

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar story, when given a series of (3) picture cards that represent the events in the story and a verbal prompt to sequence the cards (e.g. Teacher asks "What happened first?"), (name) will place the cards in the correct story order in (2 out of 3) sequencing activities.

Match Image/Object to Key Detail

By (date), after listening to a teacher read a familiar illustrated text on the student’s independent level, given (4) illustration choices (one of which represents a detail from the text), and verbally prompted by the teacher (e.g. “Point to the picture that shows something we read about in the text.”), (name) will point to the correct illustration, in (4 of 5) informational reading sessions.

Identify a Character in a Familiar Story

By (date), after reading an illustrated familiar story, shown an illustration of a given character, and asked to identify the given character (e.g. “Point to Swimmy in the story.”), (name) will find and point to the character in the story, in (4 of 5) reading sessions.

Identify Person from Familiar Text

By (date), after reading a nonfiction text with the teacher, listening to the teacher model (1) question and answer (e.g. “Who is the postal carrier? The postal carrier is the person who delivers mail to people’s homes.”), and when asked (1) question about a person, object, or place from the text, (name) will verbally answer the question, for (4 of 5) nonfiction reading sessions.

Recognize Elements from a Familiar Story

By (date), after listening to a read aloud of a familiar text and given (1) verbal question about a story element (e.g. “Who is Spot?”, “Where is Spot’s ball?”), (name) will point to the text illustration that matches the given story element, for (4 out of 5) story element recognition exercises.

Attend to Specific Illustrations in a Book

By (date), during a shared reading of a familiar text, and when given a verbal prompt paired with a visual cue to look at a specific illustration (e.g. teacher points to illustration and says, "Look at the _____."), (name) will locate and attend to the illustration for at least (3) seconds (e.g. turn body or head toward the illustration, point to, eye-gaze), for (4 out of 5) illustrations.

Answer Questions About a Text Using Picture Choices

By (date), given a read aloud of an illustrated story and (2) text-based questions (e.g., “Was the ball in this story green or blue?”, “Was the main character a boy or a girl?"), (name) will point to the pictures and orally answer with (1) word for (2 out of 3) fictional stories.

Sequence Events In A Story

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar story, when given a series of (3) picture cards that represent the events in the story and a verbal prompt to sequence the cards (e.g. Teacher asks "What happened first?"), (name) will place the cards in the correct story order in (2 out of 3) sequencing activities.

Match Image/Object to Key Detail

By (date), after listening to a teacher read a familiar illustrated text on the student’s independent level, given (4) illustration choices (one of which represents a detail from the text), and verbally prompted by the teacher (e.g. “Point to the picture that shows something we read about in the text.”), (name) will point to the correct illustration, in (4 of 5) informational reading sessions.

Identify a Character in a Familiar Story

By (date), after reading an illustrated familiar story, shown an illustration of a given character, and asked to identify the given character (e.g. “Point to Swimmy in the story.”), (name) will find and point to the character in the story, in (4 of 5) reading sessions.

Identify Person from Familiar Text

By (date), after reading a nonfiction text with the teacher, listening to the teacher model (1) question and answer (e.g. “Who is the postal carrier? The postal carrier is the person who delivers mail to people’s homes.”), and when asked (1) question about a person, object, or place from the text, (name) will verbally answer the question, for (4 of 5) nonfiction reading sessions.

Recognize Elements from a Familiar Story

By (date), after listening to a read aloud of a familiar text and given (1) verbal question about a story element (e.g. “Who is Spot?”, “Where is Spot’s ball?”), (name) will point to the text illustration that matches the given story element, for (4 out of 5) story element recognition exercises.

Attend to Specific Illustrations in a Book

By (date), during a shared reading of a familiar text, and when given a verbal prompt paired with a visual cue to look at a specific illustration (e.g. teacher points to illustration and says, "Look at the _____."), (name) will locate and attend to the illustration for at least (3) seconds (e.g. turn body or head toward the illustration, point to, eye-gaze), for (4 out of 5) illustrations.

Understands Stories Read in Class

By (date), after a reader's theater of a story in class, (name) will demonstrate understanding of the story by role playing or acting out the answer for (2) comprehension questions (e.g. "What happens to the main character at the beginning of the story?") for (2 out of 3) stories.

Answer Questions Based on a Text

By (date), immediately after reading a instructional-level text (e.g. graphic novel) of his/her choice, (name) will verbally answer at least (3) WH- questions (e.g. who, what, when, where), provided with the text, with no more than (1) sentence frame per question (e.g. Teacher says "The girl went to the..."), in (4 of 5) reading opportunities.

Identify Details from a Familiar Text

By (date), after reading with the teacher a familiar illustrated informational text, (name) will circle (1) detail from the text from (3) written choices , in (4 of 5) informational texts.

Identify the Main Setting of a Familiar Text

By (date), after listening to a familiar instructional level story read aloud and discussing the text’s setting with a small group, (name) will select (e.g. verbal, point, eye-gaze) from (3) choices the labeled illustration that reflects the main setting of the story, for (4 of 5) fictional story setting discussions.

Identify a Main Idea that is Explicitly Stated

By (date), after reading a familiar , illustrated, informational text (2) times in which the main idea is explicitly stated (e.g. “Dogs make great pets.”) and asked to identify the main idea, (name) will choose the main idea from (3) written and read options , for (4 of 5) informational texts.

Identify the Narrator of a Familiar Story

By (date), after listening to an illustrated, familiar story (2) times, given (3) illustrated choices and asked to identify the narrator (e.g. “Which of these characters tells the story?”), (name) will verbally identify the narrator, in (4 of 5) story readings.

Identify the Main Character

By (date), when asked to identify the main character from a familiar story, (name) will select the main character from (3) written and illustrated options, for (2 out of 3) character identification activities.

Identify Events in a Familiar Text

By (date), after reading a familiar , independent-level informational text and answering (1) previously-mastered question about the text, when verbally asked to state (1) event from the text, (name) will verbally state (1) event, in (4 of 5) informational text sessions.

Identify Key Details from a Text

By (date), after a shared reading of an illustrated excerpt from a familiar text, and when asked about a key detail from it, (name) will select the object that most corresponds with the key detail from a choice of (2) real objects, for (4 out of 5) key details.

Understands Stories Read in Class

By (date), after a reader's theater of a story in class, (name) will demonstrate understanding of the story by role playing or acting out the answer for (2) comprehension questions (e.g. "What happens to the main character at the beginning of the story?") for (2 out of 3) stories.

Answer Questions Based on a Text

By (date), immediately after reading a instructional-level text (e.g. graphic novel) of his/her choice, (name) will verbally answer at least (3) WH- questions (e.g. who, what, when, where), provided with the text, with no more than (1) sentence frame per question (e.g. Teacher says "The girl went to the..."), in (4 of 5) reading opportunities.

Identify Details from a Familiar Text

By (date), after reading with the teacher a familiar illustrated informational text, (name) will circle (1) detail from the text from (3) written choices , in (4 of 5) informational texts.

Identify the Main Setting of a Familiar Text

By (date), after listening to a familiar instructional level story read aloud and discussing the text’s setting with a small group, (name) will select (e.g. verbal, point, eye-gaze) from (3) choices the labeled illustration that reflects the main setting of the story, for (4 of 5) fictional story setting discussions.

Identify a Main Idea that is Explicitly Stated

By (date), after reading a familiar , illustrated, informational text (2) times in which the main idea is explicitly stated (e.g. “Dogs make great pets.”) and asked to identify the main idea, (name) will choose the main idea from (3) written and read options , for (4 of 5) informational texts.

Identify the Narrator of a Familiar Story

By (date), after listening to an illustrated, familiar story (2) times, given (3) illustrated choices and asked to identify the narrator (e.g. “Which of these characters tells the story?”), (name) will verbally identify the narrator, in (4 of 5) story readings.

Identify the Main Character

By (date), when asked to identify the main character from a familiar story, (name) will select the main character from (3) written and illustrated options, for (2 out of 3) character identification activities.

Identify Events in a Familiar Text

By (date), after reading a familiar , independent-level informational text and answering (1) previously-mastered question about the text, when verbally asked to state (1) event from the text, (name) will verbally state (1) event, in (4 of 5) informational text sessions.

Identify Key Details from a Text

By (date), after a shared reading of an illustrated excerpt from a familiar text, and when asked about a key detail from it, (name) will select the object that most corresponds with the key detail from a choice of (2) real objects, for (4 out of 5) key details.

Understands Stories Read in Class

By (date), after a reader's theater of a story in class, (name) will demonstrate understanding of the story by role playing or acting out the answer for (2) comprehension questions (e.g. "What happens to the main character at the beginning of the story?") for (2 out of 3) stories.

Answer Questions Based on a Text

By (date), immediately after reading a instructional-level text (e.g. graphic novel) of his/her choice, (name) will verbally answer at least (3) WH- questions (e.g. who, what, when, where), provided with the text, with no more than (1) sentence frame per question (e.g. Teacher says "The girl went to the..."), in (4 of 5) reading opportunities.

Identify Details from a Familiar Text

By (date), after reading with the teacher a familiar illustrated informational text, (name) will circle (1) detail from the text from (3) written choices , in (4 of 5) informational texts.

Identify the Main Setting of a Familiar Text

By (date), after listening to a familiar instructional level story read aloud and discussing the text’s setting with a small group, (name) will select (e.g. verbal, point, eye-gaze) from (3) choices the labeled illustration that reflects the main setting of the story, for (4 of 5) fictional story setting discussions.

Identify a Main Idea that is Explicitly Stated

By (date), after reading a familiar , illustrated, informational text (2) times in which the main idea is explicitly stated (e.g. “Dogs make great pets.”) and asked to identify the main idea, (name) will choose the main idea from (3) written and read options , for (4 of 5) informational texts.

Identify the Narrator of a Familiar Story

By (date), after listening to an illustrated, familiar story (2) times, given (3) illustrated choices and asked to identify the narrator (e.g. “Which of these characters tells the story?”), (name) will verbally identify the narrator, in (4 of 5) story readings.

Identify the Main Character

By (date), when asked to identify the main character from a familiar story, (name) will select the main character from (3) written and illustrated options, for (2 out of 3) character identification activities.

Identify Events in a Familiar Text

By (date), after reading a familiar , independent-level informational text and answering (1) previously-mastered question about the text, when verbally asked to state (1) event from the text, (name) will verbally state (1) event, in (4 of 5) informational text sessions.

Identify Key Details from a Text

By (date), after a shared reading of an illustrated excerpt from a familiar text, and when asked about a key detail from it, (name) will select the object that most corresponds with the key detail from a choice of (2) real objects, for (4 out of 5) key details.

Summarize a Fictional Story Current Goal

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar fictional story , (name) will use (4) sentence starters (e.g., " The main character of the story is ____", "At the beginning of the story _______", "Later in the story _______", "At the end of the story _______") to orally summarize the central ideas and significant details of the story for (3 out of 4) fictional stories.

Identify Evidence for a Text's Claim

By (date), after listening to a read aloud of a familiar text, when given a verbal claim about the text (e.g. Teacher says "How do you know that character A is upset with character B?"), (name) will identify at least (2) pieces of evidence from the text by pointing to a photo answer choice (e.g. photos portraying different scenes in the story) from a field of (4) picture answer choices within (10) seconds of the verbal prompt, for (4 out of 5) story comprehension activities.

Select Details to Support an Idea

By (date), after a familiar informational text is read aloud, and when asked a verbal or written question about a main idea in the text, (name) will identify (e.g. point, state, eye gaze) which of (3) written or illustrated explicit textual details support the idea, for (3 out of 3) ideas presented.

Identify a Story's Theme

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar text and when asked a guiding question about the story's message or theme, (name) will identify which of (3) captioned picture choices represent the overall message or theme of the story, for (3 out of 3) theme analyses.

Sequence Events in Narrative Text

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar narrative text, (name) will sequence (3) captioned picture choices to reflect the text’s beginning, middle and end events, for (3 out of 3) text structure activities.

Select the Most Relevant Detail

By (date), after reviewing the central idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will select which of (3) written details is the most relevant, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Identify a Supporting Detail

By (date), after a reminder of the main idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will choose (1) written detail that supports the main idea from (3) options, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Summarize a Fictional Story Current Goal

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar fictional story , (name) will use (4) sentence starters (e.g., " The main character of the story is ____", "At the beginning of the story _______", "Later in the story _______", "At the end of the story _______") to orally summarize the central ideas and significant details of the story for (3 out of 4) fictional stories.

Identify Evidence for a Text's Claim

By (date), after listening to a read aloud of a familiar text, when given a verbal claim about the text (e.g. Teacher says "How do you know that character A is upset with character B?"), (name) will identify at least (2) pieces of evidence from the text by pointing to a photo answer choice (e.g. photos portraying different scenes in the story) from a field of (4) picture answer choices within (10) seconds of the verbal prompt, for (4 out of 5) story comprehension activities.

Select Details to Support an Idea

By (date), after a familiar informational text is read aloud, and when asked a verbal or written question about a main idea in the text, (name) will identify (e.g. point, state, eye gaze) which of (3) written or illustrated explicit textual details support the idea, for (3 out of 3) ideas presented.

Identify a Story's Theme

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar text and when asked a guiding question about the story's message or theme, (name) will identify which of (3) captioned picture choices represent the overall message or theme of the story, for (3 out of 3) theme analyses.

Sequence Events in Narrative Text

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar narrative text, (name) will sequence (3) captioned picture choices to reflect the text’s beginning, middle and end events, for (3 out of 3) text structure activities.

Select the Most Relevant Detail

By (date), after reviewing the central idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will select which of (3) written details is the most relevant, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Identify a Supporting Detail

By (date), after a reminder of the main idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will choose (1) written detail that supports the main idea from (3) options, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Summarize a Fictional Story Current Goal

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar fictional story , (name) will use (4) sentence starters (e.g., " The main character of the story is ____", "At the beginning of the story _______", "Later in the story _______", "At the end of the story _______") to orally summarize the central ideas and significant details of the story for (3 out of 4) fictional stories.

Identify Evidence for a Text's Claim

By (date), after listening to a read aloud of a familiar text, when given a verbal claim about the text (e.g. Teacher says "How do you know that character A is upset with character B?"), (name) will identify at least (2) pieces of evidence from the text by pointing to a photo answer choice (e.g. photos portraying different scenes in the story) from a field of (4) picture answer choices within (10) seconds of the verbal prompt, for (4 out of 5) story comprehension activities.

Select Details to Support an Idea

By (date), after a familiar informational text is read aloud, and when asked a verbal or written question about a main idea in the text, (name) will identify (e.g. point, state, eye gaze) which of (3) written or illustrated explicit textual details support the idea, for (3 out of 3) ideas presented.

Identify a Story's Theme

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar text and when asked a guiding question about the story's message or theme, (name) will identify which of (3) captioned picture choices represent the overall message or theme of the story, for (3 out of 3) theme analyses.

Sequence Events in Narrative Text

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar narrative text, (name) will sequence (3) captioned picture choices to reflect the text’s beginning, middle and end events, for (3 out of 3) text structure activities.

Select the Most Relevant Detail

By (date), after reviewing the central idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will select which of (3) written details is the most relevant, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Identify a Supporting Detail

By (date), after a reminder of the main idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will choose (1) written detail that supports the main idea from (3) options, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Recount Details From Stories

By (date), after reading a preferred fictional story in class, (name) will complete a paragraph template which recounts (2) details/events of the story, (2) characters in the story, the main idea of the story and the resolution of the story, for (2 out of 3) fictional stories.

Determine Sequence of Events

By (date), when given (3) pictures and (3) captions from a familiar narrative text, (name) will match the pictures to the captions and arrange them in sequence to reflect the text’s beginning, middle, and end events, for (3 out of 3) text structure activities.

Select Relevant Details

By (date), after reviewing the central idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will select the (2) most relevant details from (4) written options, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Identify an Author's Claim

By (date), after a shared reading of a familiar informational text, when asked to identify a claim made by the author (e.g. “What does the writer tell us is true about all snakes?”), (name) will choose which of (3) written claims is present in the text, for (3 out of 3) informational text analyses.

Summarize an Informational Text

By (date), when asked to summarize a familiar informational text, (name) will write a (4-7)-word summary with words and/or phrases chosen from a bank of (8) choices, for (3 out of 3) summaries.

Identify the Views of Others

By (date), after a social scenario about a preferred topic and a follow-up prompt is read aloud, (name) will verbally identify how the person in the scenario views the topic, for (3 out of 3) social scenarios.

Identify a Character’s Feelings

By (date), after a read aloud of a literary text, when asked to identify a character’s feelings in a specific excerpt, (name) will choose which of (3) images represents the character’s feelings, for (3 out of 3) literary analyses.

Recount Details From Stories

By (date), after reading a preferred fictional story in class, (name) will complete a paragraph template which recounts (2) details/events of the story, (2) characters in the story, the main idea of the story and the resolution of the story, for (2 out of 3) fictional stories.

Determine Sequence of Events

By (date), when given (3) pictures and (3) captions from a familiar narrative text, (name) will match the pictures to the captions and arrange them in sequence to reflect the text’s beginning, middle, and end events, for (3 out of 3) text structure activities.

Select Relevant Details

By (date), after reviewing the central idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will select the (2) most relevant details from (4) written options, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Identify an Author's Claim

By (date), after a shared reading of a familiar informational text, when asked to identify a claim made by the author (e.g. “What does the writer tell us is true about all snakes?”), (name) will choose which of (3) written claims is present in the text, for (3 out of 3) informational text analyses.

Summarize an Informational Text

By (date), when asked to summarize a familiar informational text, (name) will write a (4-7)-word summary with words and/or phrases chosen from a bank of (8) choices, for (3 out of 3) summaries.

Identify the Views of Others

By (date), after a social scenario about a preferred topic and a follow-up prompt is read aloud, (name) will verbally identify how the person in the scenario views the topic, for (3 out of 3) social scenarios.

Identify a Character’s Feelings

By (date), after a read aloud of a literary text, when asked to identify a character’s feelings in a specific excerpt, (name) will choose which of (3) images represents the character’s feelings, for (3 out of 3) literary analyses.

Recount Details From Stories

By (date), after reading a preferred fictional story in class, (name) will complete a paragraph template which recounts (2) details/events of the story, (2) characters in the story, the main idea of the story and the resolution of the story, for (2 out of 3) fictional stories.

Determine Sequence of Events

By (date), when given (3) pictures and (3) captions from a familiar narrative text, (name) will match the pictures to the captions and arrange them in sequence to reflect the text’s beginning, middle, and end events, for (3 out of 3) text structure activities.

Select Relevant Details

By (date), after reviewing the central idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will select the (2) most relevant details from (4) written options, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Identify an Author's Claim

By (date), after a shared reading of a familiar informational text, when asked to identify a claim made by the author (e.g. “What does the writer tell us is true about all snakes?”), (name) will choose which of (3) written claims is present in the text, for (3 out of 3) informational text analyses.

Summarize an Informational Text

By (date), when asked to summarize a familiar informational text, (name) will write a (4-7)-word summary with words and/or phrases chosen from a bank of (8) choices, for (3 out of 3) summaries.

Identify the Views of Others

By (date), after a social scenario about a preferred topic and a follow-up prompt is read aloud, (name) will verbally identify how the person in the scenario views the topic, for (3 out of 3) social scenarios.

Identify a Character’s Feelings

By (date), after a read aloud of a literary text, when asked to identify a character’s feelings in a specific excerpt, (name) will choose which of (3) images represents the character’s feelings, for (3 out of 3) literary analyses.

Recount Details From Stories

By (date), after reading a preferred fictional story in class, (name) will complete a paragraph template which recounts (2) details/events of the story, (2) characters in the story, the main idea of the story and the resolution of the story, for (2 out of 3) fictional stories.

Determine Sequence of Events

By (date), when given (3) pictures and (3) captions from a familiar narrative text, (name) will match the pictures to the captions and arrange them in sequence to reflect the text’s beginning, middle, and end events, for (3 out of 3) text structure activities.

Select Relevant Details

By (date), after reviewing the central idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will select the (2) most relevant details from (4) written options, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Identify an Author's Claim

By (date), after a shared reading of a familiar informational text, when asked to identify a claim made by the author (e.g. “What does the writer tell us is true about all snakes?”), (name) will choose which of (3) written claims is present in the text, for (3 out of 3) informational text analyses.

Summarize an Informational Text

By (date), when asked to summarize a familiar informational text, (name) will write a (4-7)-word summary with words and/or phrases chosen from a bank of (8) choices, for (3 out of 3) summaries.

Identify the Views of Others

By (date), after a social scenario about a preferred topic and a follow-up prompt is read aloud, (name) will verbally identify how the person in the scenario views the topic, for (3 out of 3) social scenarios.

Identify a Character’s Feelings

By (date), after a read aloud of a literary text, when asked to identify a character’s feelings in a specific excerpt, (name) will choose which of (3) images represents the character’s feelings, for (3 out of 3) literary analyses.

Referenced Strategies

  • Visual Cueing

    Visual Cueing is a nonverbal communication tool that conveys messages to an audience through body movements, hand gestures, facial expressio...

  • Adapted Text

    Adapted text is any text that has been changed from its original print format. This includes a variety of strategies to make traditional tex...

  • Verbal Prompting

    A verbal prompt is an auditory cue that can be used in the classroom to increase the likelihood that the student will respond appropriately ...

  • Alternate Text

    Instead of modifying a grade level text, an alternate text about the same topic is provided to the student. Alternate texts could be an abri...

  • Reinforcers

    Reinforcers are acknowledgments for learning, as well as following rules and expectations in the classroom and school environment. Reinforce...

  • Picture Sequencing

    Picture sequencing is a technique that can be used with students for narrating, retelling and creating stories as well as sequencing events ...

  • Multiple Choice

    Before students are comfortable generating a free-form response, they can demonstrate their knowledge by selecting the correct answer(s) fro...

  • Illustration

    As an alternative to written or verbal language, students are given the option of producing image-based class work, projects or tests. Commo...

  • Preferred Topic or Text

    Allowing students to select a preferred topic or text for a project increases engagement and balances the cognitive load when students are l...

  • Read Aloud

    Read Aloud refers to presenting written text in an auditory format. The teacher can read aloud to the class or students can take turns readi...

  • Modified Text

    Modified Texts are grade level reading passages that have been simplified both in language, length, and complexity to meet the instructional...

  • Picture Choices

    A type of communication that allows students to respond using a picture, symbol, or illustration. Picture choices can be used for multiple c...

  • Video

    Using video in the classroom brings a non-print, audio-visual-accessible form of content to students. Video can enhance content and concepts...

  • Familiar Text

    Teachers may provide a previously-taught book or passage as a practice text when students are learning a new skill. Using a familiar text cr...

  • Picture Walk

    A picture walk is a pre-reading strategy where the teacher guides students through the pictures in a text. The teacher begins with the cover...

  • Sentence Starters

    A sentence starter provides a frame for students to express their thoughts in writing or speaking. It can be used to assist students to focu...

  • Animations

    Animations can help visually explain concepts that a static illustration or text description might not capture. Animations can also be repla...

  • Reader's Theater

    Reader’s Theater is when students read aloud from a script adapted from literature without requiring a set, props, or memorized lines. Stude...

  • Literacy Manipulatives

    Literacy manipulatives are physical objects that aid understanding of concepts or processes by allowing students to physically demonstrate a...

  • Guided Peer Discussions

    Guided Peer Discussions are discussions between students where the teacher provides scaffolding and specific tools to facilitate the discuss...