Summarize Text with Main Idea, Key Details

By (date), after reading a grade level text, (name) will write a summary of the text in (3-5 sentences) including... the main idea, and an explanation of how (2) key details support the main idea as measured by a (teacher-made rubric).
  • By (date), after reading a grade level text with peers, then discussing the main idea and key details, (name) will write a summary of the text in (3-5 sentences) including the main idea, and an explanation of how (2) key details support the main idea as measured by a (teacher-made rubric).
  • By (date), after reading a text at (name)'s instructional level , then discussing the main idea and key details with peers, (name) will verbally provide a summary of the text in (3-5 sentences) including the main idea, and an explanation of how (2) key details support the main idea as measured by a (teacher-made rubric).
  • By (date), after watching a short documentary at (name)'s instructional level, then participating in a discussion about the main idea and key details, (name) will identify the main idea, and (2) key details when asked in a "true/false" format (eg. Is _______ the main idea?).

UDL Strategies About UDL

  • UDL I 1.3 Offer alternatives for visual information
    Instead of the student reading the text once, some students may benefit from having the text read aloud to them, or having the opportunity to read the text several time before attempting to summarize it.
  • UDL II 4.1 Vary the methods for response and navigation
    Instead of students writing a paragraph to summarize the text, some students may benefit from providing the summary orally. Other students may create a poster or PowerPoint with images from the text to supplement the summary.
  • Foster collaboration and communication
    Instead of students reading the text independently, some students may benefit from reading the text with a collaborative group of peers . Each student could read the text silently, then a volunteer could read it aloud. Finally, the group can discuss what the main idea and key details are prior to writing their summaries.

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Common Core Standards

4.RI.2 Key Ideas and Details
Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.

Staircase Goals

Identify Main Idea in Read Alouds

By (date), when grade-level text is read aloud, (name) will verbally explain the main topic and retell (2) key details in (4 out of 5) trials as measured by teacher observation.

Main Topic and Retell Key Details

By (date), after reading grade level text, (name) will write 2-4 sentences describing the main idea and (3) key details in the text as measured by (teacher made rubrics and student work samples).

Main Ideas in a Multi-Paragraph Text

By (date), when given a multi-paragraph, grade level text, (name) will write (3-5 sentences) identifying the main idea of the text and the main topic of each paragraph with in (4 out of 5 trials) as measured by a (teacher-made rubric).

Key Details Supporting the Main Idea

By (date), after reading a grade level text, (name) will verbally identify the main idea, (3) key details, and describe in (2-3) sentences how the key details support the main idea in (4 out of 5) trials as measured by teacher observation.

Infer a Main Idea from Informational Text

By (date), after reading a grade level informational article with the main idea (e.g. topic sentence, topic paragraph, title, headings) removed, (name) will infer and verbally state the main idea using (1) complete sentence in (2 out of 3) trials as measured by teacher observation.

Summarize Text with Main Idea, Key Details Current Goal

By (date), after reading a grade level text, (name) will write a summary of the text in (3-5 sentences) including the main idea, and an explanation of how (2) key details support the main idea as measured by a (teacher-made rubric).

Infer a Main Idea from Informational Text

By (date), after reading a grade level informational article with the main idea (e.g. topic sentence, topic paragraph, title, headings) removed, (name) will infer and verbally state the main idea using (1) complete sentence in (2 out of 3) trials as measured by teacher observation.

Summarize Text with Multiple Main Ideas

By (date), after reading a grade level text, (name) will write a summary of the text discussing (2) main ideas, and an explanation of how (2) key details support each main idea with (80% accuracy) as measured by a (teacher-made rubric).

Infer a Main Idea from Informational Text

By (date), after reading a grade level informational article with the main idea (e.g. topic sentence, topic paragraph, title, headings) removed, (name) will infer and verbally state the main idea using (1) complete sentence in (2 out of 3) trials as measured by teacher observation.

Determine Central Idea and Supporting Details

By (date), when given grade level text, (name) will write a summary of the text's central idea with (3) supporting details as measured by a (teacher created rubric).

Development of Multiple Central Ideas

By (date), when given grade level text, (name) will write a summary of (2) of the text's central ideas with (3) supporting details for each that explain how the central ideas develop over the course of the text as measured by a (teacher created rubric).

Analyze the Relationship Between Central Idea and Details

By (date), when given grade level text, (name) will write a summary about the central idea of the text and analyze how (3) supporting details develop the central idea as measured by (teacher created rubric).

Analyze the Central Idea of Informational Text

By (date), after reading a grade-level informational text, (name) will write an organized, focused essay of (150-300) words that includes an introductory paragraph containing the title of the text, its author, and a thesis statement that states the central idea of the text; (3) body paragraphs that reference and provide commentary on specific details from the text that support the thesis; (3) relevant direct citations from the text that support claims; and a conclusion that states the lesson the author relayed to the audience, whether the lesson is relevant to the audience, and justification for the choice for (3 out of 4) texts.

Analyze Central Theme of Informational Text

By (date), after reading a grade-level informational text, (name) will write an organized, focused essay of (150-300) words that includes an introductory paragraph containing the title of the text, its author, and a thesis statement that states (2) central ideas of the text that are developed; (2) body paragraphs that reference and provide commentary on specific instances in the text that support the themes mentioned in the thesis; (1) body paragraph that explains how the two central ideas interact and built upon each other; (4) relevant, direct citations from the text that support claims; and a conclusion that states the lessons the author relayed to the audience, whether the lessons are relevant to the audience, and justification for the choice for (3 out of 4) texts.

Referenced Strategies

  • Poster Summary

    A Poster Summary is used to visually represent or summarize information learned from a text. Posters can be pictures, pictures with words an...

  • Alternate Text

    Instead of modifying a grade level text, an alternate text about the same topic is provided to the student. Alternate texts could be an abri...

  • Partner Reading

    Rather than reading independently, students can be divided into pairs or small groups and read the text aloud together or take turns reading...

  • Read Aloud

    Read Aloud refers to presenting written text in an auditory format. The teacher can read aloud to the class or students can take turns readi...

  • Modified Text

    Modified text is grade level text that has been simplified to meet the instructional level and needs of the reader. It can involve altering ...

  • Multiple Choice

    Before students are comfortable generating a free-form response, they can demonstrate their knowledge by selecting the correct answer(s) fro...