Recognize and Track an Object by Name

By (date), after a preview of an object and it’s name from a picture walk of an instructional-level, informational text (e.g. tractor in a book about construction), shown (2) objects (one that represents the previewed... object and one that is different), and when prompted by the teacher (“Point to the tractor that looks like the one from the book.”), (name) will point to the object, in (4 of 5) reading sessions.
  • By (date), after a preview of a preferred object and it’s name from a picture walk of an instructional-level, informational text (e.g. tractor in a book about construction), shown (2) objects (one that represents the previewed object and one that is different), and when prompted by the teacher (“Point to the tractor that looks like the one from the book.”), (name) will point to the object, in (4 of 5) reading sessions.
  • By (date), after a preview of an object and it’s name from a picture walk of an instructional-level, enlarged informational text (e.g. tractor in a book about construction), shown (2) objects (one that represents the previewed object and one that is different), and when prompted by the teacher (“Point to the tractor that looks like the one from the book.”), (name) will point to the object, in (4 of 5) reading sessions.
  • By (date), after an illustrated preview of an object and it’s name from a picture walk of an instructional-level, informational text (e.g. tractor in a book about construction), shown (2) objects (one that represents the previewed object and one that is different), and when prompted using visual cues by the teacher (“Point to the tractor that looks like the one from the book.” while pointing to the page), (name) will point to the object, in (4 of 5) reading sessions.
  • By (date), after a preview of an object and it’s name from a picture walk of an instructional-level, informational text (e.g. tractor in a book about construction), shown (2) objects (one that represents the previewed object and one that is different), and when asked by the teacher about each object (“Is this the tractor from the book?”), (name) will respond yes or no (e.g. verbally reply, nodding, AAC device), in (4 of 5) reading sessions.
  • By (date), after a preview of an object and it’s name from a picture walk of an instructional-level, informational text (e.g. tractor in a book about construction), shown (2) objects (one that represents the previewed object and one that is different), and when prompted by the teacher (“Point to the tractor that looks like the one from the book.”), (name) will point to the object, in (4 of 5) reading sessions.

UDL-Aligned Strategies About UDL

  • Optimize relevance, value, and authenticity
    Utilizing a text on a preferred topic or selecting a familiar text may help to engage students in reading activities. Some students are more likely to pay attention to texts about a topic of interest: This may increase their comprehension and recall of characters, objects and ideas. Students may also pay more attention to familiar texts or texts about familiar topics or characters. They may be better able to recall information from a book on a second (or third) read, having done the work of getting the big ideas when reading the first time. In this instance, the teacher may give the student a menu of books from which to choose for the reading activity, some of which are on topics of the student’s interest or books that the student has already read. Alternatively, the teacher may select a book that is familiar or on a preferred topic to use for the activity.
  • UDL II 4.1 Vary the methods for response and navigation
    For some students, it is helpful to adjust the number of options from which the student has to choose in order to respond to a question, or to present a question that allows the student to respond with a yes or no to show understanding. In this case, the teacher may decide to vary the number of objects in the images presented to the student for the object-naming task. A larger number of options may make the task more challenging and may increase a student’s anxiety, thus making it harder to show understanding. Lessening the number of given options may allow a student to better demonstrate understanding. For some students, it may be helpful to provide an image of one object or point to the image of that object in an illustration and then to ask the student “Is this the tractor from the book?” The student can then choose a preferred method to respond yes or no (e.g. nodding, verbal response, AAC device).
  • UDL I 1.1 Offer ways of customizing the display of information
    In order to make traditional text accessible to students with a variety of learning styles, it may be helpful to adapt the text based on individual students’ needs. In this instance, the teacher may use a passage with enlarged font, a shortened or simplified text to match the student’s reading level, or a text presented in a multi-media format. It may be helpful to include illustrations that have also been enlarged or enhanced to increase visibility as it will be important that all students be able to distinguish between objects in the text in order to successfully complete this task. Teachers can enlarge a text easily with a copying machine allowing the student to use the story on paper, but may also try transparent pages, projecting the text even larger on an overhead or smartboard. Tablet storybook apps can also be projected for a student or whole class. The teacher may present the adapted text as a read aloud or in a shared reading format, using a marker to track words for the student so that the student follows along.

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DLM Essential Elements

ELA-Literacy.RI.K.2
Key Ideas and Details
EE.RI.K.2 With guidance and support, identify the topic of a familiar text.
ELA-Literacy.RI.1.2
Key Ideas and Details
EE.RI.1.2 With guidance and support, identify details related to the topic of a text.
ELA-Literacy.RI.2.2
Key Ideas and Details
EE.RI.2.2 Identify the topic of the text.

NCSC Core Connectors

ELA-Literacy.K.RI.d2
Reading Standards for Informational Text
K.RI.d2 With prompting and support identify the main topic.
ELA-Literacy.1.RI.d2
Reading Standards for Informational Text
1.RI.d2 Identify the main topic of an informational text.
ELA-Literacy.2.RI.d3
Reading Standards for Informational Text
2.RI.d3 Identify the focus of a paragraph and the details that support the focus in an informational text.

Standards

RI.K.2 Key Ideas and Details
RI.K.2 Key Ideas and Details
With prompting and support, identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.
RI.1.2 Key Ideas and Details
RI.1.2 Key Ideas and Details
Identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.
RI.2.2 Key Ideas and Details
RI.2.2 Key Ideas and Details
Identify the main topic of a multiparagraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.

Standard Staircase

Identify the Parts of a Book

By date, when given a familiar book and a verbally prompt (i.e. Teacher says “Where is the Title?”) to identify parts of a book, (name) will correctly point to indicated part of a book (i.e. cover, title, page), with no more than (1) repeated question in (4 out of 5) guided-reading lessons.

Distinguish Text from Illustrations

By (date), after completing a shared reading of an illustrated familiar passage at the student’s independent reading level and given a verbal prompt (e.g. “Point to the words in this story.”, “Point to the pictures in this story.”), (name) will point to (1) piece of text and (1) illustration from the passage, in (4 of 5) narrative reading sessions.

Describe Oneself with a Feeling Word

By (date), after a read aloud of an instructional level story and (1) question by the teacher (e.g. “Sophie was really angry in this story. Can you think about this morning or yesterday and describe how you felt?”), (name) will speak (1) sentence, including (1) feeling word (e.g. happy, sad, angry), for (4 of 5) self-reflections.

Recognize and Track an Object by Name Current Goal

By (date), after a preview of an object and it’s name from a picture walk of an instructional-level, informational text (e.g. tractor in a book about construction), shown (2) objects (one that represents the previewed object and one that is different), and when prompted by the teacher (“Point to the tractor that looks like the one from the book.”), (name) will point to the object, in (4 of 5) reading sessions.

Recognize a Character's Name from a Story

By (date), when verbally asked to make a selection between (2) familiar stories (e.g. “Let’s read the book about the dog, which book is that?”, “Can you get the book about David to read?”), (name) will point to or pick up the correct text, in (4 out of 5) book selections.

Use Characteristics to Identify Objects

By (date), given (3) objects that are verbally labeled by the teacher and asked to choose which object has a specific physical or performance characteristic, (name) will select the object, for (4 out of 5) object identification activities.

Essential Concepts of Print

By (date), given a preferred book (e.g. hard copy or digital) that is no longer than (5) pages, (name) will independently handle the book (e.g. open it, turn the pages) and observably attend to each page (e.g. eye-gazing, pointing, vocalizing) for at least (3) seconds, for (4 out of 5) preferred books.

Make Requests Using Core Vocabulary Words

By (date), while participating in a classroom activity (e.g. shared reading, snack time, art), (name) will make (1) request to an adult or peer using a core vocabulary word (i.e. words that have a functional and academic purpose) through a preferred mode of communication (e.g. vocally, icons, sign language, eye gaze toward word cards), for (4 out of 5) classroom activities.

Identify the Parts of a Book

By date, when given a familiar book and a verbally prompt (i.e. Teacher says “Where is the Title?”) to identify parts of a book, (name) will correctly point to indicated part of a book (i.e. cover, title, page), with no more than (1) repeated question in (4 out of 5) guided-reading lessons.

Distinguish Text from Illustrations

By (date), after completing a shared reading of an illustrated familiar passage at the student’s independent reading level and given a verbal prompt (e.g. “Point to the words in this story.”, “Point to the pictures in this story.”), (name) will point to (1) piece of text and (1) illustration from the passage, in (4 of 5) narrative reading sessions.

Describe Oneself with a Feeling Word

By (date), after a read aloud of an instructional level story and (1) question by the teacher (e.g. “Sophie was really angry in this story. Can you think about this morning or yesterday and describe how you felt?”), (name) will speak (1) sentence, including (1) feeling word (e.g. happy, sad, angry), for (4 of 5) self-reflections.

Recognize and Track an Object by Name Current Goal

By (date), after a preview of an object and it’s name from a picture walk of an instructional-level, informational text (e.g. tractor in a book about construction), shown (2) objects (one that represents the previewed object and one that is different), and when prompted by the teacher (“Point to the tractor that looks like the one from the book.”), (name) will point to the object, in (4 of 5) reading sessions.

Recognize a Character's Name from a Story

By (date), when verbally asked to make a selection between (2) familiar stories (e.g. “Let’s read the book about the dog, which book is that?”, “Can you get the book about David to read?”), (name) will point to or pick up the correct text, in (4 out of 5) book selections.

Use Characteristics to Identify Objects

By (date), given (3) objects that are verbally labeled by the teacher and asked to choose which object has a specific physical or performance characteristic, (name) will select the object, for (4 out of 5) object identification activities.

Essential Concepts of Print

By (date), given a preferred book (e.g. hard copy or digital) that is no longer than (5) pages, (name) will independently handle the book (e.g. open it, turn the pages) and observably attend to each page (e.g. eye-gazing, pointing, vocalizing) for at least (3) seconds, for (4 out of 5) preferred books.

Make Requests Using Core Vocabulary Words

By (date), while participating in a classroom activity (e.g. shared reading, snack time, art), (name) will make (1) request to an adult or peer using a core vocabulary word (i.e. words that have a functional and academic purpose) through a preferred mode of communication (e.g. vocally, icons, sign language, eye gaze toward word cards), for (4 out of 5) classroom activities.

Identify the Parts of a Book

By date, when given a familiar book and a verbally prompt (i.e. Teacher says “Where is the Title?”) to identify parts of a book, (name) will correctly point to indicated part of a book (i.e. cover, title, page), with no more than (1) repeated question in (4 out of 5) guided-reading lessons.

Distinguish Text from Illustrations

By (date), after completing a shared reading of an illustrated familiar passage at the student’s independent reading level and given a verbal prompt (e.g. “Point to the words in this story.”, “Point to the pictures in this story.”), (name) will point to (1) piece of text and (1) illustration from the passage, in (4 of 5) narrative reading sessions.

Describe Oneself with a Feeling Word

By (date), after a read aloud of an instructional level story and (1) question by the teacher (e.g. “Sophie was really angry in this story. Can you think about this morning or yesterday and describe how you felt?”), (name) will speak (1) sentence, including (1) feeling word (e.g. happy, sad, angry), for (4 of 5) self-reflections.

Recognize and Track an Object by Name Current Goal

By (date), after a preview of an object and it’s name from a picture walk of an instructional-level, informational text (e.g. tractor in a book about construction), shown (2) objects (one that represents the previewed object and one that is different), and when prompted by the teacher (“Point to the tractor that looks like the one from the book.”), (name) will point to the object, in (4 of 5) reading sessions.

Recognize a Character's Name from a Story

By (date), when verbally asked to make a selection between (2) familiar stories (e.g. “Let’s read the book about the dog, which book is that?”, “Can you get the book about David to read?”), (name) will point to or pick up the correct text, in (4 out of 5) book selections.

Use Characteristics to Identify Objects

By (date), given (3) objects that are verbally labeled by the teacher and asked to choose which object has a specific physical or performance characteristic, (name) will select the object, for (4 out of 5) object identification activities.

Essential Concepts of Print

By (date), given a preferred book (e.g. hard copy or digital) that is no longer than (5) pages, (name) will independently handle the book (e.g. open it, turn the pages) and observably attend to each page (e.g. eye-gazing, pointing, vocalizing) for at least (3) seconds, for (4 out of 5) preferred books.

Make Requests Using Core Vocabulary Words

By (date), while participating in a classroom activity (e.g. shared reading, snack time, art), (name) will make (1) request to an adult or peer using a core vocabulary word (i.e. words that have a functional and academic purpose) through a preferred mode of communication (e.g. vocally, icons, sign language, eye gaze toward word cards), for (4 out of 5) classroom activities.

Find a Picture that Reflects an Action

By (date), after reading a familiar story with a classmate , given (3) illustration choices , and asked (1) question by the teacher (e.g. “Which of these pictures shows an action from the story you just read.”), (name) will verbally state the illustration (e.g. “Picture A”), for (4 of 5) fiction story reviews.

Use Visual Headings

By (date), after a picture walk of an informational chapter book with an illustrated table of contents and asked to identify (1) chapter (e.g. “We just explored this book about farm animals. Which chapter is about cows?), (name) will select the chapter from (3) choices in the table of contents, in (4 of 5) chapter identifications.

Recognize a Familiar Person

By (date), when presented with (2) images of people, one of whom is familiar and one of whom is a stranger, and asked to identify the familiar person, (name) will identify the familiar person (e.g. by stating, pointing, using eye gaze), in (4 of 5) recognition activities.

Identify Objects by Characteristics

By (date), given a verbal prompt to identify (1) object based on (1) physical characteristic, (name) will select which of (3) of the same objects has the specified characteristic, for (4 out of 5) object selection activities.

Identify a Synonym

By (date), given a written and illustrated word card, and asked to choose which of (3) other written and illustrated word cards has the same meaning as the given word, (name) will select the answer, for (4 out of 5) word comparisons.

Identify Words Associated with Feelings

By (date), when asked to identify which word from a familiar text is associated with a feeling, (name) will choose the answer from (3) written and illustrated word options, for (4 out of 5) vocabulary activities.

Attend to Text Features in a Book

By (date), given a preferred book, (e.g. hard copy or digital) that is no longer than (10) pages, (name) will handle the book (e.g. open it, turn the pages) and independently attend to at least (1) text feature on each page (e.g. words, illustrations) for at least (3) seconds (e.g touching, pointing, eye-gazing, pressing a pre-recorded AAC device), for (8 out of 10) pages or with (80)% accuracy.

Find a Picture that Reflects an Action

By (date), after reading a familiar story with a classmate , given (3) illustration choices , and asked (1) question by the teacher (e.g. “Which of these pictures shows an action from the story you just read.”), (name) will verbally state the illustration (e.g. “Picture A”), for (4 of 5) fiction story reviews.

Use Visual Headings

By (date), after a picture walk of an informational chapter book with an illustrated table of contents and asked to identify (1) chapter (e.g. “We just explored this book about farm animals. Which chapter is about cows?), (name) will select the chapter from (3) choices in the table of contents, in (4 of 5) chapter identifications.

Recognize a Familiar Person

By (date), when presented with (2) images of people, one of whom is familiar and one of whom is a stranger, and asked to identify the familiar person, (name) will identify the familiar person (e.g. by stating, pointing, using eye gaze), in (4 of 5) recognition activities.

Identify Objects by Characteristics

By (date), given a verbal prompt to identify (1) object based on (1) physical characteristic, (name) will select which of (3) of the same objects has the specified characteristic, for (4 out of 5) object selection activities.

Identify Opposites

By (date), when asked if a pair of written and illustrated words are opposites, (name) will state “yes” or “no,” for (4 out of 5) opposites identification activities.

Make a Comparison

By (date), when asked to describe a similarity or difference between (2) items from a familiar text that are within the same category, (name) will answer verbally with (1) or more words, for (4 out of 5) informational comparisons.

Attend to Text Features in a Book

By (date), given a preferred book, (e.g. hard copy or digital) that is no longer than (10) pages, (name) will handle the book (e.g. open it, turn the pages) and independently attend to at least (1) text feature on each page (e.g. words, illustrations) for at least (3) seconds (e.g touching, pointing, eye-gazing, pressing a pre-recorded AAC device), for (8 out of 10) pages or with (80)% accuracy.

Find a Picture that Reflects an Action

By (date), after reading a familiar story with a classmate , given (3) illustration choices , and asked (1) question by the teacher (e.g. “Which of these pictures shows an action from the story you just read.”), (name) will verbally state the illustration (e.g. “Picture A”), for (4 of 5) fiction story reviews.

Use Visual Headings

By (date), after a picture walk of an informational chapter book with an illustrated table of contents and asked to identify (1) chapter (e.g. “We just explored this book about farm animals. Which chapter is about cows?), (name) will select the chapter from (3) choices in the table of contents, in (4 of 5) chapter identifications.

Recognize a Familiar Person

By (date), when presented with (2) images of people, one of whom is familiar and one of whom is a stranger, and asked to identify the familiar person, (name) will identify the familiar person (e.g. by stating, pointing, using eye gaze), in (4 of 5) recognition activities.

Identify Objects by Characteristics

By (date), given a verbal prompt to identify (1) object based on (1) physical characteristic, (name) will select which of (3) of the same objects has the specified characteristic, for (4 out of 5) object selection activities.

Attend to Text Features in a Book

By (date), given a preferred book, (e.g. hard copy or digital) that is no longer than (10) pages, (name) will handle the book (e.g. open it, turn the pages) and independently attend to at least (1) text feature on each page (e.g. words, illustrations) for at least (3) seconds (e.g touching, pointing, eye-gazing, pressing a pre-recorded AAC device), for (8 out of 10) pages or with (80)% accuracy.

Sorts Pictures of Things that are Real or Fictional

By (date), given a set of (10) images (e.g., photographs or illustrations) from two categories (e.g., five images of real animals and five images of fictional animals) and a verbal prompt (e.g. “Which one is real? Which one is not real?”), (student) will sort at least (8) images into the correct group: “real” or “not real” for (4 out of 5) two-category sorting activities.

Determine a Word's Meaning

By (date), when asked to define a specific word in a familiar text, after (1) guiding question from the teacher, (name) will choose the definition from (3) written and/or verbal definition choices, for (3 out of 3) context clue exercises.

Describe the Meaning of Common Idioms

By (date), immediately after watching a video clip of what each idiom looks like in context (e.g. video of a man paying for a car using a bucket of money with the caption "It costs an arm and a leg"), when given (5) common idioms (e.g. costs an arm and a leg, blessing in disguise, feeling blue), (name) will verbally describe the meaning, using no more than (1) verbal prompts (e.g. Teacher says "Remember what it looked like in the video") and verbal choices (e.g. Teacher says "When something costs an arm and a leg, it means it is expensive or cheap?") in (3 of 5) idioms, for (4 of 5) idiom activities.

Identify an Antonym or Synonym

By (date), during a read aloud of a familiar text, when verbally prompted by the teacher to identify (1) synonym or (1) antonym of a given word, (name) will select (e.g. point, state, eye gaze) a written and illustrated word choice from (3) options, for (4 out of 5) synonyms or antonyms.

Select Content-Specific Vocabulary

By (date), when given a previously-taught topic (e.g. weather, animal behaviors, money) and a bank of (5) related and unrelated words, (name) will circle the words related to the topic, for (3 out of 3) content-specific vocabulary exercises.

Sorts Pictures of Things that are Real or Fictional

By (date), given a set of (10) images (e.g., photographs or illustrations) from two categories (e.g., five images of real animals and five images of fictional animals) and a verbal prompt (e.g. “Which one is real? Which one is not real?”), (student) will sort at least (8) images into the correct group: “real” or “not real” for (4 out of 5) two-category sorting activities.

Determine a Word's Meaning

By (date), when asked to define a specific word in a familiar text, after (1) guiding question from the teacher, (name) will choose the definition from (3) written and/or verbal definition choices, for (3 out of 3) context clue exercises.

Describe the Meaning of Common Idioms

By (date), immediately after watching a video clip of what each idiom looks like in context (e.g. video of a man paying for a car using a bucket of money with the caption "It costs an arm and a leg"), when given (5) common idioms (e.g. costs an arm and a leg, blessing in disguise, feeling blue), (name) will verbally describe the meaning, using no more than (1) verbal prompts (e.g. Teacher says "Remember what it looked like in the video") and verbal choices (e.g. Teacher says "When something costs an arm and a leg, it means it is expensive or cheap?") in (3 of 5) idioms, for (4 of 5) idiom activities.

Identify an Antonym or Synonym

By (date), during a read aloud of a familiar text, when verbally prompted by the teacher to identify (1) synonym or (1) antonym of a given word, (name) will select (e.g. point, state, eye gaze) a written and illustrated word choice from (3) options, for (4 out of 5) synonyms or antonyms.

Select Content-Specific Vocabulary

By (date), when given a previously-taught topic (e.g. weather, animal behaviors, money) and a bank of (5) related and unrelated words, (name) will circle the words related to the topic, for (3 out of 3) content-specific vocabulary exercises.

Sorts Pictures of Things that are Real or Fictional

By (date), given a set of (10) images (e.g., photographs or illustrations) from two categories (e.g., five images of real animals and five images of fictional animals) and a verbal prompt (e.g. “Which one is real? Which one is not real?”), (student) will sort at least (8) images into the correct group: “real” or “not real” for (4 out of 5) two-category sorting activities.

Determine a Word's Meaning

By (date), when asked to define a specific word in a familiar text, after (1) guiding question from the teacher, (name) will choose the definition from (3) written and/or verbal definition choices, for (3 out of 3) context clue exercises.

Describe the Meaning of Common Idioms

By (date), immediately after watching a video clip of what each idiom looks like in context (e.g. video of a man paying for a car using a bucket of money with the caption "It costs an arm and a leg"), when given (5) common idioms (e.g. costs an arm and a leg, blessing in disguise, feeling blue), (name) will verbally describe the meaning, using no more than (1) verbal prompts (e.g. Teacher says "Remember what it looked like in the video") and verbal choices (e.g. Teacher says "When something costs an arm and a leg, it means it is expensive or cheap?") in (3 of 5) idioms, for (4 of 5) idiom activities.

Identify an Antonym or Synonym

By (date), during a read aloud of a familiar text, when verbally prompted by the teacher to identify (1) synonym or (1) antonym of a given word, (name) will select (e.g. point, state, eye gaze) a written and illustrated word choice from (3) options, for (4 out of 5) synonyms or antonyms.

Select Content-Specific Vocabulary

By (date), when given a previously-taught topic (e.g. weather, animal behaviors, money) and a bank of (5) related and unrelated words, (name) will circle the words related to the topic, for (3 out of 3) content-specific vocabulary exercises.

Word Choice for Sentence Completion

By (date), when given a (3-5) sentence fill-in-the blank reading passage from a familiar text with picture supports (e.g. adapted text with pictures replacing select words), (name) will correctly select the missing word a choice of (10) words in a word bank to fill in each blank in the passage, within (15) minutes, in (3 out of 4) fill-in-the-blank reading passages.

Sort Objects or Images Based on Two Distinct Categories

By (date), given a set of (10) real objects or images representing two different categories (e.g., food, drinks), and a verbal prompt (e.g., “Which one do we eat? Which one do we drink?”), (student) will sort at least (8) objects/images in (4 out of 5) two-category sorting activities.

Recognize a Synonym

By (date), when given (1) word from a familiar text, after the teacher asks a guiding question, (name) will identify which of (3) word options is a synonym for the given word, for (3 out of 3) synonym activities.

Word Choice for Sentence Completion

By (date), when given a (3-5) sentence fill-in-the blank reading passage from a familiar text with picture supports (e.g. adapted text with pictures replacing select words), (name) will correctly select the missing word a choice of (10) words in a word bank to fill in each blank in the passage, within (15) minutes, in (3 out of 4) fill-in-the-blank reading passages.

Sort Objects or Images Based on Two Distinct Categories

By (date), given a set of (10) real objects or images representing two different categories (e.g., food, drinks), and a verbal prompt (e.g., “Which one do we eat? Which one do we drink?”), (student) will sort at least (8) objects/images in (4 out of 5) two-category sorting activities.

Recognize a Synonym

By (date), when given (1) word from a familiar text, after the teacher asks a guiding question, (name) will identify which of (3) word options is a synonym for the given word, for (3 out of 3) synonym activities.

Word Choice for Sentence Completion

By (date), when given a (3-5) sentence fill-in-the blank reading passage from a familiar text with picture supports (e.g. adapted text with pictures replacing select words), (name) will correctly select the missing word a choice of (10) words in a word bank to fill in each blank in the passage, within (15) minutes, in (3 out of 4) fill-in-the-blank reading passages.

Sort Objects or Images Based on Two Distinct Categories

By (date), given a set of (10) real objects or images representing two different categories (e.g., food, drinks), and a verbal prompt (e.g., “Which one do we eat? Which one do we drink?”), (student) will sort at least (8) objects/images in (4 out of 5) two-category sorting activities.

Recognize a Synonym

By (date), when given (1) word from a familiar text, after the teacher asks a guiding question, (name) will identify which of (3) word options is a synonym for the given word, for (3 out of 3) synonym activities.

Word Choice for Sentence Completion

By (date), when given a (3-5) sentence fill-in-the blank reading passage from a familiar text with picture supports (e.g. adapted text with pictures replacing select words), (name) will correctly select the missing word a choice of (10) words in a word bank to fill in each blank in the passage, within (15) minutes, in (3 out of 4) fill-in-the-blank reading passages.

Sort Objects or Images Based on Two Distinct Categories

By (date), given a set of (10) real objects or images representing two different categories (e.g., food, drinks), and a verbal prompt (e.g., “Which one do we eat? Which one do we drink?”), (student) will sort at least (8) objects/images in (4 out of 5) two-category sorting activities.

Recognize a Synonym

By (date), when given (1) word from a familiar text, after the teacher asks a guiding question, (name) will identify which of (3) word options is a synonym for the given word, for (3 out of 3) synonym activities.

Referenced Strategies

  • Visual Cueing

    Visual Cueing is a nonverbal communication tool that conveys messages to an audience through body movements, hand gestures, facial expressio...

  • Vocabulary Preview

    Vocabulary preview is a strategy of introducing new and unfamiliar words to students prior to reading or writing. Vocabulary previews may in...

  • Adapted Text

    Adapted text is any text that has been changed from its original print format. This includes a variety of strategies to make traditional tex...

  • Verbal Prompting

    A verbal prompt is an auditory cue that can be used in the classroom to increase the likelihood that the student will respond appropriately ...

  • Multiple Choice

    Before students are comfortable generating a free-form response, they can demonstrate their knowledge by selecting the correct answer(s) fro...

  • Reading Guide Strips

    Reading guide strips are practical assistive reading tools designed to help readers better see, focus and remember what they read. They usua...

  • Shared Reading

    Shared reading is an interactive reading activity during which the teacher guides a group of students or the whole class through reading a c...

  • Preferred Topic or Text

    Allowing students to select a preferred topic or text for a project increases engagement and balances the cognitive load when students are l...

  • Read Aloud

    Read Aloud refers to presenting written text in an auditory format. The teacher can read aloud to the class or students can take turns readi...

  • Familiar Text

    Teachers may provide a previously-taught book or passage as a practice text when students are learning a new skill. Using a familiar text cr...

  • Picture Walk

    A picture walk is a pre-reading strategy where the teacher guides students through the pictures in a text. The teacher begins with the cover...