Identify the Narrator of a Familiar Story

By (date), after listening to an illustrated, familiar story (2) times, given (3) illustrated choices and asked to identify the... narrator (e.g. “Which of these characters tells the story?”), (name) will verbally identify the narrator, in (4 of 5) story readings.
  • By (date), after performing a familiar text (2) times in a reader’s theater group in which students wear character labels (e.g. narrator, Little Pig #1, Wolf), given (2) narrator choices and asked by the teacher to identify the narrator (e.g. “Which of these students was telling the story?”), (name) will verbally identify the narrator in (4 of 5) identifications.
  • By (date), after listening to an illustrated, familiar story with enlarged illustrations (2) times, given (2) illustrated choices and asked to identify the narrator (e.g. “Which of these characters tells the story?”), (name) will verbally identify the narrator, in (4 of 5) story readings.
  • By (date), after reading an illustrated, familiar story (2) times, listening and watching as a teacher reads a start of a sentence that identifies the narrator (e.g. “The character telling this story is _________”) and given (2) illustrated choices , (name) will select the narrator, in (4 of 5) story readings.
  • By (date), after listening to an illustrated, familiar story (2) times, given (2) illustrated choices and asked to identify the narrator (e.g. “Which of these characters tells the story?”), (name) will select (e.g. eye-gaze, pointer, switch ) the narrator, in (4 of 5) story readings.
  • By (date), after listening to an illustrated, familiar story (2) times, given (2) illustrated choices and asked to identify the narrator (e.g. “Which of these characters tells the story?”), (name) will point to the narrator, in (4 of 5) story readings.

UDL-Aligned Strategies About UDL

  • Foster collaboration and communication
    Varying the structures of reading activities in the classroom can increase students’ engagement. In learning about the role and function of a narrator, students may use adapted texts in a [[ Reader’s Theater | reader’s theater ]]. Reader’s theater can be a opportunity for collaborative learning because students must work together to read a text, which potentially increases students’ attention to the story. Because students are being asked to identify the narrator of the story, it will be important for the teacher to clearly define the role of narrator in the reader’s theater script and to remind students before they perform the text what the role of the narrator is (e.g. the character telling the story). The teacher can assign the students’ roles or allow students to choose them. Whenever possible, allowing for choice can heighten engagement as students feel more a part of the learning task. Once students have read the story together twice, the teacher can then introduce the task of identifying the narrator. The teacher may also decide to use the reader’s theater structure to allow students to identify the narrator by asking them to select the person who read the narrator’s part in the story (e.g. “Which student read the part of the narrator?”) as that selection will also demonstrate the student’s understanding narrator in the text.
  • UDL II 5.3 Build fluencies with graduated levels of support for practice and performance
    Whenever possible, it is helpful to vary the ways that students can demonstrate understanding of a concept or how they can respond to questions. When students are required to answer questions by selecting options from a list of choices , the teacher may decide to adjust the number of options from which students can select. For some students, having too great a number of answer choices can be confusing or distracting, and so the teacher may provide students with fewer possible choices. The teacher may present these choices together so that the student must make a selection from the two, or the teacher may decide to ask the student about each illustrated choice which shows the narrator, asking the student to respond with a yes or no (e.g. “Does this show who is telling the story?”). The teacher may also vary the way in which students can provide their responses. Some students may have an easier time showing understanding when they can select their response using an adaptive device such as a pointer, switch , or eye-gaze board, while others will be able to answer verbally (e.g. Option A, yes or no) or by circling the correct option.
  • UDL I 2.5 Illustrate through multiple media
    It may be helpful to adapt or abridge texts used for reading activities. In this instance, the teacher may use a familiar story with enlarged font and enhanced illustrations, a shortened or simplified text to match the student’s reading level or threshold for attention, or a story presented in a multi-media format. Some texts are available in online or app formats and may have interactive features that increase accessibility. Adjusting font sizes, listening to an audio version, or watching an animation of a story can be ways to better reach all students. Using adapted text enables students to better comprehend what they are reading and, in this case, focus on the different roles in the story, particularly the narrator. The teacher can present the adapted text in a read aloud or shared reading , using a marker to track words for the student. If the resources are available, the teacher may project the text onto a screen so that the entire story is enlarged for students to see and read together.

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DLM Essential Elements

ELA-Literacy.RL.4.6
Craft and Structure
EE.RL.4.6 Identify the narrator of a story.
ELA-Literacy.RL.5.6
Craft and Structure
EE.RL.5.6 Determine the point of view of the narrator.

NCSC Core Connectors

ELA-Literacy.4.RL.m1
Reading Standards for Literature
4.RL.m1 Determine the author's point of view (first- or third- person).
ELA-Literacy.5.RL.f2
Reading Standards for Literature
5.RL.f2 Describe how a narrator's or speaker's point of view influences how events are described.

Standards

RL.4.6 Craft and Structure
RL.4.6 Craft and Structure
Compare and contrast the point of view from which different stories are narrated, including the difference between first- and third-person narrations.
RL.5.6 Craft and Structure
RL.5.6 Craft and Structure
Describe how a narrator’s or speaker’s point of view influences how events are described.

Standard Staircase

Answer Questions About a Text Using Picture Choices

By (date), given a read aloud of an illustrated story and (2) text-based questions (e.g., “Was the ball in this story green or blue?”, “Was the main character a boy or a girl?"), (name) will point to the pictures and orally answer with (1) word for (2 out of 3) fictional stories.

Sequence Events In A Story

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar story, when given a series of (3) picture cards that represent the events in the story and a verbal prompt to sequence the cards (e.g. Teacher asks "What happened first?"), (name) will place the cards in the correct story order in (2 out of 3) sequencing activities.

Match Image/Object to Key Detail

By (date), after listening to a teacher read a familiar illustrated text on the student’s independent level, given (4) illustration choices (one of which represents a detail from the text), and verbally prompted by the teacher (e.g. “Point to the picture that shows something we read about in the text.”), (name) will point to the correct illustration, in (4 of 5) informational reading sessions.

Identify a Character in a Familiar Story

By (date), after reading an illustrated familiar story, shown an illustration of a given character, and asked to identify the given character (e.g. “Point to Swimmy in the story.”), (name) will find and point to the character in the story, in (4 of 5) reading sessions.

Identify Person from Familiar Text

By (date), after reading a nonfiction text with the teacher, listening to the teacher model (1) question and answer (e.g. “Who is the postal carrier? The postal carrier is the person who delivers mail to people’s homes.”), and when asked (1) question about a person, object, or place from the text, (name) will verbally answer the question, for (4 of 5) nonfiction reading sessions.

Recognize Elements from a Familiar Story

By (date), after listening to a read aloud of a familiar text and given (1) verbal question about a story element (e.g. “Who is Spot?”, “Where is Spot’s ball?”), (name) will point to the text illustration that matches the given story element, for (4 out of 5) story element recognition exercises.

Attend to Specific Illustrations in a Book

By (date), during a shared reading of a familiar text, and when given a verbal prompt paired with a visual cue to look at a specific illustration (e.g. teacher points to illustration and says, "Look at the _____."), (name) will locate and attend to the illustration for at least (3) seconds (e.g. turn body or head toward the illustration, point to, eye-gaze), for (4 out of 5) illustrations.

Answer Questions About a Text Using Picture Choices

By (date), given a read aloud of an illustrated story and (2) text-based questions (e.g., “Was the ball in this story green or blue?”, “Was the main character a boy or a girl?"), (name) will point to the pictures and orally answer with (1) word for (2 out of 3) fictional stories.

Sequence Events In A Story

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar story, when given a series of (3) picture cards that represent the events in the story and a verbal prompt to sequence the cards (e.g. Teacher asks "What happened first?"), (name) will place the cards in the correct story order in (2 out of 3) sequencing activities.

Match Image/Object to Key Detail

By (date), after listening to a teacher read a familiar illustrated text on the student’s independent level, given (4) illustration choices (one of which represents a detail from the text), and verbally prompted by the teacher (e.g. “Point to the picture that shows something we read about in the text.”), (name) will point to the correct illustration, in (4 of 5) informational reading sessions.

Identify a Character in a Familiar Story

By (date), after reading an illustrated familiar story, shown an illustration of a given character, and asked to identify the given character (e.g. “Point to Swimmy in the story.”), (name) will find and point to the character in the story, in (4 of 5) reading sessions.

Identify Person from Familiar Text

By (date), after reading a nonfiction text with the teacher, listening to the teacher model (1) question and answer (e.g. “Who is the postal carrier? The postal carrier is the person who delivers mail to people’s homes.”), and when asked (1) question about a person, object, or place from the text, (name) will verbally answer the question, for (4 of 5) nonfiction reading sessions.

Recognize Elements from a Familiar Story

By (date), after listening to a read aloud of a familiar text and given (1) verbal question about a story element (e.g. “Who is Spot?”, “Where is Spot’s ball?”), (name) will point to the text illustration that matches the given story element, for (4 out of 5) story element recognition exercises.

Attend to Specific Illustrations in a Book

By (date), during a shared reading of a familiar text, and when given a verbal prompt paired with a visual cue to look at a specific illustration (e.g. teacher points to illustration and says, "Look at the _____."), (name) will locate and attend to the illustration for at least (3) seconds (e.g. turn body or head toward the illustration, point to, eye-gaze), for (4 out of 5) illustrations.

Answer Questions About a Text Using Picture Choices

By (date), given a read aloud of an illustrated story and (2) text-based questions (e.g., “Was the ball in this story green or blue?”, “Was the main character a boy or a girl?"), (name) will point to the pictures and orally answer with (1) word for (2 out of 3) fictional stories.

Sequence Events In A Story

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar story, when given a series of (3) picture cards that represent the events in the story and a verbal prompt to sequence the cards (e.g. Teacher asks "What happened first?"), (name) will place the cards in the correct story order in (2 out of 3) sequencing activities.

Match Image/Object to Key Detail

By (date), after listening to a teacher read a familiar illustrated text on the student’s independent level, given (4) illustration choices (one of which represents a detail from the text), and verbally prompted by the teacher (e.g. “Point to the picture that shows something we read about in the text.”), (name) will point to the correct illustration, in (4 of 5) informational reading sessions.

Identify a Character in a Familiar Story

By (date), after reading an illustrated familiar story, shown an illustration of a given character, and asked to identify the given character (e.g. “Point to Swimmy in the story.”), (name) will find and point to the character in the story, in (4 of 5) reading sessions.

Identify Person from Familiar Text

By (date), after reading a nonfiction text with the teacher, listening to the teacher model (1) question and answer (e.g. “Who is the postal carrier? The postal carrier is the person who delivers mail to people’s homes.”), and when asked (1) question about a person, object, or place from the text, (name) will verbally answer the question, for (4 of 5) nonfiction reading sessions.

Recognize Elements from a Familiar Story

By (date), after listening to a read aloud of a familiar text and given (1) verbal question about a story element (e.g. “Who is Spot?”, “Where is Spot’s ball?”), (name) will point to the text illustration that matches the given story element, for (4 out of 5) story element recognition exercises.

Attend to Specific Illustrations in a Book

By (date), during a shared reading of a familiar text, and when given a verbal prompt paired with a visual cue to look at a specific illustration (e.g. teacher points to illustration and says, "Look at the _____."), (name) will locate and attend to the illustration for at least (3) seconds (e.g. turn body or head toward the illustration, point to, eye-gaze), for (4 out of 5) illustrations.

Understands Stories Read in Class

By (date), after a reader's theater of a story in class, (name) will demonstrate understanding of the story by role playing or acting out the answer for (2) comprehension questions (e.g. "What happens to the main character at the beginning of the story?") for (2 out of 3) stories.

Answer Questions Based on a Text

By (date), immediately after reading a instructional-level text (e.g. graphic novel) of his/her choice, (name) will verbally answer at least (3) WH- questions (e.g. who, what, when, where), provided with the text, with no more than (1) sentence frame per question (e.g. Teacher says "The girl went to the..."), in (4 of 5) reading opportunities.

Identify Details from a Familiar Text

By (date), after reading with the teacher a familiar illustrated informational text, (name) will circle (1) detail from the text from (3) written choices , in (4 of 5) informational texts.

Identify the Main Setting of a Familiar Text

By (date), after listening to a familiar instructional level story read aloud and discussing the text’s setting with a small group, (name) will select (e.g. verbal, point, eye-gaze) from (3) choices the labeled illustration that reflects the main setting of the story, for (4 of 5) fictional story setting discussions.

Identify a Main Idea that is Explicitly Stated

By (date), after reading a familiar , illustrated, informational text (2) times in which the main idea is explicitly stated (e.g. “Dogs make great pets.”) and asked to identify the main idea, (name) will choose the main idea from (3) written and read options , for (4 of 5) informational texts.

Identify the Narrator of a Familiar Story Current Goal

By (date), after listening to an illustrated, familiar story (2) times, given (3) illustrated choices and asked to identify the narrator (e.g. “Which of these characters tells the story?”), (name) will verbally identify the narrator, in (4 of 5) story readings.

Identify the Main Character

By (date), when asked to identify the main character from a familiar story, (name) will select the main character from (3) written and illustrated options, for (2 out of 3) character identification activities.

Identify Events in a Familiar Text

By (date), after reading a familiar , independent-level informational text and answering (1) previously-mastered question about the text, when verbally asked to state (1) event from the text, (name) will verbally state (1) event, in (4 of 5) informational text sessions.

Identify Key Details from a Text

By (date), after a shared reading of an illustrated excerpt from a familiar text, and when asked about a key detail from it, (name) will select the object that most corresponds with the key detail from a choice of (2) real objects, for (4 out of 5) key details.

Understands Stories Read in Class

By (date), after a reader's theater of a story in class, (name) will demonstrate understanding of the story by role playing or acting out the answer for (2) comprehension questions (e.g. "What happens to the main character at the beginning of the story?") for (2 out of 3) stories.

Answer Questions Based on a Text

By (date), immediately after reading a instructional-level text (e.g. graphic novel) of his/her choice, (name) will verbally answer at least (3) WH- questions (e.g. who, what, when, where), provided with the text, with no more than (1) sentence frame per question (e.g. Teacher says "The girl went to the..."), in (4 of 5) reading opportunities.

Identify Details from a Familiar Text

By (date), after reading with the teacher a familiar illustrated informational text, (name) will circle (1) detail from the text from (3) written choices , in (4 of 5) informational texts.

Identify the Main Setting of a Familiar Text

By (date), after listening to a familiar instructional level story read aloud and discussing the text’s setting with a small group, (name) will select (e.g. verbal, point, eye-gaze) from (3) choices the labeled illustration that reflects the main setting of the story, for (4 of 5) fictional story setting discussions.

Identify a Main Idea that is Explicitly Stated

By (date), after reading a familiar , illustrated, informational text (2) times in which the main idea is explicitly stated (e.g. “Dogs make great pets.”) and asked to identify the main idea, (name) will choose the main idea from (3) written and read options , for (4 of 5) informational texts.

Identify the Narrator of a Familiar Story Current Goal

By (date), after listening to an illustrated, familiar story (2) times, given (3) illustrated choices and asked to identify the narrator (e.g. “Which of these characters tells the story?”), (name) will verbally identify the narrator, in (4 of 5) story readings.

Identify the Main Character

By (date), when asked to identify the main character from a familiar story, (name) will select the main character from (3) written and illustrated options, for (2 out of 3) character identification activities.

Identify Events in a Familiar Text

By (date), after reading a familiar , independent-level informational text and answering (1) previously-mastered question about the text, when verbally asked to state (1) event from the text, (name) will verbally state (1) event, in (4 of 5) informational text sessions.

Identify Key Details from a Text

By (date), after a shared reading of an illustrated excerpt from a familiar text, and when asked about a key detail from it, (name) will select the object that most corresponds with the key detail from a choice of (2) real objects, for (4 out of 5) key details.

Understands Stories Read in Class

By (date), after a reader's theater of a story in class, (name) will demonstrate understanding of the story by role playing or acting out the answer for (2) comprehension questions (e.g. "What happens to the main character at the beginning of the story?") for (2 out of 3) stories.

Answer Questions Based on a Text

By (date), immediately after reading a instructional-level text (e.g. graphic novel) of his/her choice, (name) will verbally answer at least (3) WH- questions (e.g. who, what, when, where), provided with the text, with no more than (1) sentence frame per question (e.g. Teacher says "The girl went to the..."), in (4 of 5) reading opportunities.

Identify Details from a Familiar Text

By (date), after reading with the teacher a familiar illustrated informational text, (name) will circle (1) detail from the text from (3) written choices , in (4 of 5) informational texts.

Identify the Main Setting of a Familiar Text

By (date), after listening to a familiar instructional level story read aloud and discussing the text’s setting with a small group, (name) will select (e.g. verbal, point, eye-gaze) from (3) choices the labeled illustration that reflects the main setting of the story, for (4 of 5) fictional story setting discussions.

Identify a Main Idea that is Explicitly Stated

By (date), after reading a familiar , illustrated, informational text (2) times in which the main idea is explicitly stated (e.g. “Dogs make great pets.”) and asked to identify the main idea, (name) will choose the main idea from (3) written and read options , for (4 of 5) informational texts.

Identify the Narrator of a Familiar Story Current Goal

By (date), after listening to an illustrated, familiar story (2) times, given (3) illustrated choices and asked to identify the narrator (e.g. “Which of these characters tells the story?”), (name) will verbally identify the narrator, in (4 of 5) story readings.

Identify the Main Character

By (date), when asked to identify the main character from a familiar story, (name) will select the main character from (3) written and illustrated options, for (2 out of 3) character identification activities.

Identify Events in a Familiar Text

By (date), after reading a familiar , independent-level informational text and answering (1) previously-mastered question about the text, when verbally asked to state (1) event from the text, (name) will verbally state (1) event, in (4 of 5) informational text sessions.

Identify Key Details from a Text

By (date), after a shared reading of an illustrated excerpt from a familiar text, and when asked about a key detail from it, (name) will select the object that most corresponds with the key detail from a choice of (2) real objects, for (4 out of 5) key details.

Summarize a Fictional Story

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar fictional story , (name) will use (4) sentence starters (e.g., " The main character of the story is ____", "At the beginning of the story _______", "Later in the story _______", "At the end of the story _______") to orally summarize the central ideas and significant details of the story for (3 out of 4) fictional stories.

Identify Evidence for a Text's Claim

By (date), after listening to a read aloud of a familiar text, when given a verbal claim about the text (e.g. Teacher says "How do you know that character A is upset with character B?"), (name) will identify at least (2) pieces of evidence from the text by pointing to a photo answer choice (e.g. photos portraying different scenes in the story) from a field of (4) picture answer choices within (10) seconds of the verbal prompt, for (4 out of 5) story comprehension activities.

Select Details to Support an Idea

By (date), after a familiar informational text is read aloud, and when asked a verbal or written question about a main idea in the text, (name) will identify (e.g. point, state, eye gaze) which of (3) written or illustrated explicit textual details support the idea, for (3 out of 3) ideas presented.

Identify a Story's Theme

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar text and when asked a guiding question about the story's message or theme, (name) will identify which of (3) captioned picture choices represent the overall message or theme of the story, for (3 out of 3) theme analyses.

Sequence Events in Narrative Text

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar narrative text, (name) will sequence (3) captioned picture choices to reflect the text’s beginning, middle and end events, for (3 out of 3) text structure activities.

Select the Most Relevant Detail

By (date), after reviewing the central idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will select which of (3) written details is the most relevant, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Identify a Supporting Detail

By (date), after a reminder of the main idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will choose (1) written detail that supports the main idea from (3) options, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Summarize a Fictional Story

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar fictional story , (name) will use (4) sentence starters (e.g., " The main character of the story is ____", "At the beginning of the story _______", "Later in the story _______", "At the end of the story _______") to orally summarize the central ideas and significant details of the story for (3 out of 4) fictional stories.

Identify Evidence for a Text's Claim

By (date), after listening to a read aloud of a familiar text, when given a verbal claim about the text (e.g. Teacher says "How do you know that character A is upset with character B?"), (name) will identify at least (2) pieces of evidence from the text by pointing to a photo answer choice (e.g. photos portraying different scenes in the story) from a field of (4) picture answer choices within (10) seconds of the verbal prompt, for (4 out of 5) story comprehension activities.

Select Details to Support an Idea

By (date), after a familiar informational text is read aloud, and when asked a verbal or written question about a main idea in the text, (name) will identify (e.g. point, state, eye gaze) which of (3) written or illustrated explicit textual details support the idea, for (3 out of 3) ideas presented.

Identify a Story's Theme

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar text and when asked a guiding question about the story's message or theme, (name) will identify which of (3) captioned picture choices represent the overall message or theme of the story, for (3 out of 3) theme analyses.

Sequence Events in Narrative Text

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar narrative text, (name) will sequence (3) captioned picture choices to reflect the text’s beginning, middle and end events, for (3 out of 3) text structure activities.

Select the Most Relevant Detail

By (date), after reviewing the central idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will select which of (3) written details is the most relevant, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Identify a Supporting Detail

By (date), after a reminder of the main idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will choose (1) written detail that supports the main idea from (3) options, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Summarize a Fictional Story

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar fictional story , (name) will use (4) sentence starters (e.g., " The main character of the story is ____", "At the beginning of the story _______", "Later in the story _______", "At the end of the story _______") to orally summarize the central ideas and significant details of the story for (3 out of 4) fictional stories.

Identify Evidence for a Text's Claim

By (date), after listening to a read aloud of a familiar text, when given a verbal claim about the text (e.g. Teacher says "How do you know that character A is upset with character B?"), (name) will identify at least (2) pieces of evidence from the text by pointing to a photo answer choice (e.g. photos portraying different scenes in the story) from a field of (4) picture answer choices within (10) seconds of the verbal prompt, for (4 out of 5) story comprehension activities.

Select Details to Support an Idea

By (date), after a familiar informational text is read aloud, and when asked a verbal or written question about a main idea in the text, (name) will identify (e.g. point, state, eye gaze) which of (3) written or illustrated explicit textual details support the idea, for (3 out of 3) ideas presented.

Identify a Story's Theme

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar text and when asked a guiding question about the story's message or theme, (name) will identify which of (3) captioned picture choices represent the overall message or theme of the story, for (3 out of 3) theme analyses.

Sequence Events in Narrative Text

By (date), after a read aloud of a familiar narrative text, (name) will sequence (3) captioned picture choices to reflect the text’s beginning, middle and end events, for (3 out of 3) text structure activities.

Select the Most Relevant Detail

By (date), after reviewing the central idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will select which of (3) written details is the most relevant, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Identify a Supporting Detail

By (date), after a reminder of the main idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will choose (1) written detail that supports the main idea from (3) options, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Recount Details From Stories

By (date), after reading a preferred fictional story in class, (name) will complete a paragraph template which recounts (2) details/events of the story, (2) characters in the story, the main idea of the story and the resolution of the story, for (2 out of 3) fictional stories.

Determine Sequence of Events

By (date), when given (3) pictures and (3) captions from a familiar narrative text, (name) will match the pictures to the captions and arrange them in sequence to reflect the text’s beginning, middle, and end events, for (3 out of 3) text structure activities.

Select Relevant Details

By (date), after reviewing the central idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will select the (2) most relevant details from (4) written options, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Identify an Author's Claim

By (date), after a shared reading of a familiar informational text, when asked to identify a claim made by the author (e.g. “What does the writer tell us is true about all snakes?”), (name) will choose which of (3) written claims is present in the text, for (3 out of 3) informational text analyses.

Summarize an Informational Text

By (date), when asked to summarize a familiar informational text, (name) will write a (4-7)-word summary with words and/or phrases chosen from a bank of (8) choices, for (3 out of 3) summaries.

Identify the Views of Others

By (date), after a social scenario about a preferred topic and a follow-up prompt is read aloud, (name) will verbally identify how the person in the scenario views the topic, for (3 out of 3) social scenarios.

Identify a Character’s Feelings

By (date), after a read aloud of a literary text, when asked to identify a character’s feelings in a specific excerpt, (name) will choose which of (3) images represents the character’s feelings, for (3 out of 3) literary analyses.

Recount Details From Stories

By (date), after reading a preferred fictional story in class, (name) will complete a paragraph template which recounts (2) details/events of the story, (2) characters in the story, the main idea of the story and the resolution of the story, for (2 out of 3) fictional stories.

Determine Sequence of Events

By (date), when given (3) pictures and (3) captions from a familiar narrative text, (name) will match the pictures to the captions and arrange them in sequence to reflect the text’s beginning, middle, and end events, for (3 out of 3) text structure activities.

Select Relevant Details

By (date), after reviewing the central idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will select the (2) most relevant details from (4) written options, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Identify an Author's Claim

By (date), after a shared reading of a familiar informational text, when asked to identify a claim made by the author (e.g. “What does the writer tell us is true about all snakes?”), (name) will choose which of (3) written claims is present in the text, for (3 out of 3) informational text analyses.

Summarize an Informational Text

By (date), when asked to summarize a familiar informational text, (name) will write a (4-7)-word summary with words and/or phrases chosen from a bank of (8) choices, for (3 out of 3) summaries.

Identify the Views of Others

By (date), after a social scenario about a preferred topic and a follow-up prompt is read aloud, (name) will verbally identify how the person in the scenario views the topic, for (3 out of 3) social scenarios.

Identify a Character’s Feelings

By (date), after a read aloud of a literary text, when asked to identify a character’s feelings in a specific excerpt, (name) will choose which of (3) images represents the character’s feelings, for (3 out of 3) literary analyses.

Recount Details From Stories

By (date), after reading a preferred fictional story in class, (name) will complete a paragraph template which recounts (2) details/events of the story, (2) characters in the story, the main idea of the story and the resolution of the story, for (2 out of 3) fictional stories.

Determine Sequence of Events

By (date), when given (3) pictures and (3) captions from a familiar narrative text, (name) will match the pictures to the captions and arrange them in sequence to reflect the text’s beginning, middle, and end events, for (3 out of 3) text structure activities.

Select Relevant Details

By (date), after reviewing the central idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will select the (2) most relevant details from (4) written options, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Identify an Author's Claim

By (date), after a shared reading of a familiar informational text, when asked to identify a claim made by the author (e.g. “What does the writer tell us is true about all snakes?”), (name) will choose which of (3) written claims is present in the text, for (3 out of 3) informational text analyses.

Summarize an Informational Text

By (date), when asked to summarize a familiar informational text, (name) will write a (4-7)-word summary with words and/or phrases chosen from a bank of (8) choices, for (3 out of 3) summaries.

Identify the Views of Others

By (date), after a social scenario about a preferred topic and a follow-up prompt is read aloud, (name) will verbally identify how the person in the scenario views the topic, for (3 out of 3) social scenarios.

Identify a Character’s Feelings

By (date), after a read aloud of a literary text, when asked to identify a character’s feelings in a specific excerpt, (name) will choose which of (3) images represents the character’s feelings, for (3 out of 3) literary analyses.

Recount Details From Stories

By (date), after reading a preferred fictional story in class, (name) will complete a paragraph template which recounts (2) details/events of the story, (2) characters in the story, the main idea of the story and the resolution of the story, for (2 out of 3) fictional stories.

Determine Sequence of Events

By (date), when given (3) pictures and (3) captions from a familiar narrative text, (name) will match the pictures to the captions and arrange them in sequence to reflect the text’s beginning, middle, and end events, for (3 out of 3) text structure activities.

Select Relevant Details

By (date), after reviewing the central idea of a previously-read informational text, (name) will select the (2) most relevant details from (4) written options, for (3 out of 3) informational texts.

Identify an Author's Claim

By (date), after a shared reading of a familiar informational text, when asked to identify a claim made by the author (e.g. “What does the writer tell us is true about all snakes?”), (name) will choose which of (3) written claims is present in the text, for (3 out of 3) informational text analyses.

Summarize an Informational Text

By (date), when asked to summarize a familiar informational text, (name) will write a (4-7)-word summary with words and/or phrases chosen from a bank of (8) choices, for (3 out of 3) summaries.

Identify the Views of Others

By (date), after a social scenario about a preferred topic and a follow-up prompt is read aloud, (name) will verbally identify how the person in the scenario views the topic, for (3 out of 3) social scenarios.

Identify a Character’s Feelings

By (date), after a read aloud of a literary text, when asked to identify a character’s feelings in a specific excerpt, (name) will choose which of (3) images represents the character’s feelings, for (3 out of 3) literary analyses.

Referenced Strategies

  • Adapted Text

    Adapted text is any text that has been changed from its original print format. This includes a variety of strategies to make traditional tex...

  • Alternate Text

    Instead of modifying a grade level text, an alternate text about the same topic is provided to the student. Alternate texts could be an abri...

  • Multiple Choice

    Before students are comfortable generating a free-form response, they can demonstrate their knowledge by selecting the correct answer(s) fro...

  • Online Tools

    Educational websites and apps can support student engagement and provide individualized practice spaces to work on academic skills. Teachers...

  • Shared Reading

    Shared reading is an interactive reading activity during which the teacher guides a group of students or the whole class through reading a c...

  • Read Aloud

    Read Aloud refers to presenting written text in an auditory format. The teacher can read aloud to the class or students can take turns readi...

  • Picture Choices

    A type of communication that allows students to respond using a picture, symbol, or illustration. Picture choices can be used for multiple c...

  • Adaptive Switches

    Adaptive Switches are access devices that enable people with significant motor limitations to use technology or operate other electronic dev...

  • Familiar Text

    Teachers may provide a previously-taught book or passage as a practice text when students are learning a new skill. Using a familiar text cr...

  • Sentence Starters

    A sentence starter provides a frame for students to express their thoughts in writing or speaking. It can be used to assist students to focu...

  • Reader's Theater

    Reader’s Theater is when students read aloud from a script adapted from literature without requiring a set, props, or memorized lines. Stude...